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Scientia Pharmaceutica is published by MDPI from Volume 84 Issue 3 (2015). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Austrian Pharmaceutical Society (Österreichische Pharmazeutische Gesellschaft, ÖPhG).
Open AccessArticle
Sci. Pharm. 2007, 75(2), 63-80; (registering DOI)

Improvement of Albendazole Dissolution by Preparing Microparticles Using Spray-Drying Technique

Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, P.O. BOX 2457, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 October 2006 / Accepted: 18 April 2007 / Published: 29 June 2007
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The aim of this work was to improve the dissolution rate of albendazole (ABZ) by preparing its microparticles with certain hydrophilic polymers such as hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) using spray drying technique. Microparticles of ABZ with these polymers were prepared in different ratios of 1:1, 1:2, and 1:4 by spray drying technique. Morphology and characterization of the prepared ABZ microparticles was studied and photographed using a biological microscope and examined by scanning electron microscope. Smooth surface and spherical microparticles of ABZ were detected by these methods which indicating the coating of drug crystals by the studied polymers. Physicochemical properties of drug alone and its spray dried microparticles were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and powder X-ray diffractometry (PXRD). DSC and PXRD analysis showed that ABZ transformed from the crystalline state to amorphous state by spray drying with these polymers as confirmed by disappearance of its melting peak and characteristic crystalline peaks. Dissolution rate of ABZ from the prepared microparticles was determined and compared to its corresponding physical mixtures. Results have shown that the dissolution rate of ABZ has been enhanced extremely from its spray dried microparticles and reached 100 % as compared to the corresponding physical mixtures. This indicates the success of spray drying technique for improvement of ABZ dissolution. Moreover, it was found that the dissolution rate of the drug was affected by the polymer type and the ratio of ABZ to polymer. The highest dissolution of ABZ was obtained with HPMC in 1:1 ratio and with both PVA and PVP in ratio of 1: 4 microparticles. The transformation of ABZ from crystalline to amorphous state by spray drying and the hydrophilic coating of drug particles by the polymers are considered among the factors which contributed in improvement of ABZ dissolution.
Keywords: Albendazole; Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC); Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA); Polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP); Spray drying; Dissolution rate Albendazole; Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC); Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA); Polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP); Spray drying; Dissolution rate
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Alanazi, F.K.; El-Badry, M.; Ahmed, M.O.; Alsarra, I.A. Improvement of Albendazole Dissolution by Preparing Microparticles Using Spray-Drying Technique. Sci. Pharm. 2007, 75, 63-80.

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