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Scientia Pharmaceutica is published by MDPI from Volume 84 Issue 3 (2016). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Austrian Pharmaceutical Society (Österreichische Pharmazeutische Gesellschaft, ÖPhG).
Open AccessArticle

Analysis of the Essential Oil of the Aerial Parts of the Medicinal Plant Aristolochia indica Linn. (Aristolochiaceae) from South-India

1
Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Althanstraße 14, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
2
Department of Chemistry, Calicut University, Kerala 673 635, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sci. Pharm. 2000, 68(3), 309-316; https://doi.org/10.3797/scipharm.aut-00-28
Received: 20 May 2000 / Revised: 17 August 2000 / Accepted: 17 August 2000 / Published: 24 August 2000
The essential oil of the aerial parts of Aristolochia indica Linn. (Anstolochiaceae) from South-India was analyzed by gas chromatographic-spectroscopic (GC-FID and GC-MS) and olfactoric methods to identify those compounds responsible for the characteristic odor as well as partly for the folk medicinal use of this plant. Especially sesqui- and monoterpenes were found to be dominating constituents of this essential oil, such as: β-caryophyllene, α-humulene, ishwarone, caryophyllene oxide I, ishwarol, ishwarane and aristolochene as well as linalool and α-terpinolene.The odor impression of the sample is described and the possible biological activity of some single volatiles shortly discussed.
Keywords: Aristolochia indica Linn.; Anstolochiaceae; essential oil; aerial parts; odor; Indian folk medicine Aristolochia indica Linn.; Anstolochiaceae; essential oil; aerial parts; odor; Indian folk medicine
MDPI and ACS Style

Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Puschmann, C.; Fleischhacker, W.; Shafi, P.; Rosamma, M. Analysis of the Essential Oil of the Aerial Parts of the Medicinal Plant Aristolochia indica Linn. (Aristolochiaceae) from South-India. Sci. Pharm. 2000, 68, 309-316.

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