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Article

Analysis of the Essential Oil of the Aerial Parts of the Medicinal Plant Aristolochia indica Linn. (Aristolochiaceae) from South-India

by 1,*, 1, 1, 1, 2 and 2
1
Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Althanstraße 14, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
2
Department of Chemistry, Calicut University, Kerala 673 635, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sci. Pharm. 2000, 68(3), 309-316; https://doi.org/10.3797/scipharm.aut-00-28
Received: 20 May 2000 / Revised: 17 August 2000 / Accepted: 17 August 2000 / Published: 24 August 2000
The essential oil of the aerial parts of Aristolochia indica Linn. (Anstolochiaceae) from South-India was analyzed by gas chromatographic-spectroscopic (GC-FID and GC-MS) and olfactoric methods to identify those compounds responsible for the characteristic odor as well as partly for the folk medicinal use of this plant. Especially sesqui- and monoterpenes were found to be dominating constituents of this essential oil, such as: β-caryophyllene, α-humulene, ishwarone, caryophyllene oxide I, ishwarol, ishwarane and aristolochene as well as linalool and α-terpinolene.The odor impression of the sample is described and the possible biological activity of some single volatiles shortly discussed.
Keywords: Aristolochia indica Linn.; Anstolochiaceae; essential oil; aerial parts; odor; Indian folk medicine Aristolochia indica Linn.; Anstolochiaceae; essential oil; aerial parts; odor; Indian folk medicine
MDPI and ACS Style

Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Puschmann, C.; Fleischhacker, W.; Shafi, P.M.; Rosamma, M.K. Analysis of the Essential Oil of the Aerial Parts of the Medicinal Plant Aristolochia indica Linn. (Aristolochiaceae) from South-India. Sci. Pharm. 2000, 68, 309-316. https://doi.org/10.3797/scipharm.aut-00-28

AMA Style

Jirovetz L, Buchbauer G, Puschmann C, Fleischhacker W, Shafi PM, Rosamma MK. Analysis of the Essential Oil of the Aerial Parts of the Medicinal Plant Aristolochia indica Linn. (Aristolochiaceae) from South-India. Scientia Pharmaceutica. 2000; 68(3):309-316. https://doi.org/10.3797/scipharm.aut-00-28

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jirovetz, Leopold, Gerhard Buchbauer, Christiane Puschmann, Wilhelm Fleischhacker, P.Mohamed Shafi, and M.K. Rosamma 2000. "Analysis of the Essential Oil of the Aerial Parts of the Medicinal Plant Aristolochia indica Linn. (Aristolochiaceae) from South-India" Scientia Pharmaceutica 68, no. 3: 309-316. https://doi.org/10.3797/scipharm.aut-00-28

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