TCP congestion control adjusts the sending rate in order to protect Internet from the continuous traffic and ensure fair coexistence among multiple flows. Especially, loss-based congestion control algorithms were mainly used, which worked relatively well for past Internet with low bandwidth and small bottleneck buffer size. However, the modern Internet uses considerably more sophisticated network equipment and advanced transmission technologies, and loss-based congestion control can cause performance degradation due to excessive queueing delay and packet loss. Therefore, Google introduced a new congestion control in 2016, Bottleneck Bandwidth Round-trip propagation time (BBR). In contrast with traditional congestion control, BBR tries to operate at the Kleinrock’s optimal operating point, where delivery rate is maximized and latency is minimized. However, when BBR and loss-based congestion control algorithms coexist on the same bottleneck link, most of bottleneck bandwidth is occupied by flows that use a particular algorithm, and excessive packet retransmission can occur. Therefore, this paper proposes a BBR congestion window scaling (BBR-CWS) scheme to improve BBR’s inter-protocol fairness with a loss-based congestion control algorithm. Through Mininet experiment results, we confirmed that fairness between BBR-CWS and CUBIC improved up to 73% and has the value of 0.9 or higher in most bottleneck buffer environments. Moreover, the number of packet retransmissions was reduced by up to 96%, compared to the original BBR.
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