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Article

Imaging of the Internal Structure of Permafrost in the Tibetan Plateau Using Ground Penetrating Radar

by 1,2, 1,2,*, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2 and 1,2
1
State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment and System Security and New Technology, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
2
School of Electrical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2020, 9(1), 56; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9010056
Received: 23 November 2019 / Revised: 26 December 2019 / Accepted: 26 December 2019 / Published: 30 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications of Electromagnetic Waves)
The distribution of the permafrost in the Tibetan Plateau has dramatically changed due to climate change, expressed as increasing permafrost degradation, thawing depth deepening and disappearance of island permafrost. These changes have serious impacts on the local ecological environment and the stability of engineering infrastructures. Ground penetrating radar (GPR) is used to detect permafrost active layer depth, the upper limit of permafrost and the thawing of permafrost with the season’s changes. Due to the influence of complex structure in the permafrost layer, it is difficult to effectively characterize the accurate structure within the permafrost on the radar profile. In order to get the high resolution GPR profile in the Tibetan Plateau, the reverse time migration (RTM) imaging method was applied to GPR real data. In this paper, RTM algorithm is proven to be correct through the groove’s model of forward modeling data. In the Beiluhe region, the imaging result of GPR RTM profiles show that the RTM of GPR makes use of diffracted energy to properly position the reflections caused by the gravels, pebbles, cobbles and small discontinuities. It can accurately determine the depth of the active layer bottom interface in the migration section. In order to prove the accuracy of interpretation results of real data RTM section, we set up the three dielectric constant models based on the real data RTM profiles and geological information, and obtained the model data RTM profiles, which can prove the accuracy of interpretation results of three-line RTM profiles. The results of three-line RTM bears great significance for the study of complex structure and freezing and thawing process of permafrost at the Beiluhe region on the Tibetan Plateau. View Full-Text
Keywords: ground penetrating radar; reverse time migration; Tibetan Plateau; permafrost active layer; internal structure ground penetrating radar; reverse time migration; Tibetan Plateau; permafrost active layer; internal structure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Fu, Z.; Lu, X.; Qin, S.; Wang, H.; Wang, X. Imaging of the Internal Structure of Permafrost in the Tibetan Plateau Using Ground Penetrating Radar. Electronics 2020, 9, 56. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9010056

AMA Style

Wang Y, Fu Z, Lu X, Qin S, Wang H, Wang X. Imaging of the Internal Structure of Permafrost in the Tibetan Plateau Using Ground Penetrating Radar. Electronics. 2020; 9(1):56. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9010056

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Yao, Zhihong Fu, Xinglin Lu, Shanqiang Qin, Haowen Wang, and Xiujuan Wang. 2020. "Imaging of the Internal Structure of Permafrost in the Tibetan Plateau Using Ground Penetrating Radar" Electronics 9, no. 1: 56. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9010056

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