Features Dimensionality Reduction Approaches for Machine Learning Based Network Intrusion Detection
AbstractThe security of networked systems has become a critical universal issue that influences individuals, enterprises and governments. The rate of attacks against networked systems has increased dramatically, and the tactics used by the attackers are continuing to evolve. Intrusion detection is one of the solutions against these attacks. A common and effective approach for designing Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) is Machine Learning. The performance of an IDS is significantly improved when the features are more discriminative and representative. This study uses two feature dimensionality reduction approaches: (i) Auto-Encoder (AE): an instance of deep learning, for dimensionality reduction, and (ii) Principle Component Analysis (PCA). The resulting low-dimensional features from both techniques are then used to build various classifiers such as Random Forest (RF), Bayesian Network, Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and Quadratic Discriminant Analysis (QDA) for designing an IDS. The experimental findings with low-dimensional features in binary and multi-class classification show better performance in terms of Detection Rate (DR), F-Measure, False Alarm Rate (FAR), and Accuracy. This research effort is able to reduce the CICIDS2017 dataset’s feature dimensions from 81 to 10, while maintaining a high accuracy of 99.6% in multi-class and binary classification. Furthermore, in this paper, we propose a Multi-Class Combined performance metric
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Abdulhammed, R.; Musafer, H.; Alessa, A.; Faezipour, M.; Abuzneid, A. Features Dimensionality Reduction Approaches for Machine Learning Based Network Intrusion Detection. Electronics 2019, 8, 322.
Abdulhammed R, Musafer H, Alessa A, Faezipour M, Abuzneid A. Features Dimensionality Reduction Approaches for Machine Learning Based Network Intrusion Detection. Electronics. 2019; 8(3):322.Chicago/Turabian Style
Abdulhammed, Razan; Musafer, Hassan; Alessa, Ali; Faezipour, Miad; Abuzneid, Abdelshakour. 2019. "Features Dimensionality Reduction Approaches for Machine Learning Based Network Intrusion Detection." Electronics 8, no. 3: 322.
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