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Open AccessArticle

Aging-Resilient Topology Synthesis of Heterogeneous Manycore Network-On-Chip Using Genetic Algorithm with Flexible Number of Routers

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Information and Communication Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 16410, Korea
2
Department of Artificial Intelligence, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 16410, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(12), 1458; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8121458
Received: 5 November 2019 / Revised: 22 November 2019 / Accepted: 25 November 2019 / Published: 2 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Computer Science & Engineering)
As semiconductor processes enter the nanoscale, system-on-chip (SoC) interconnects suffer from link aging owing to negative bias temperature instability (NBTI), hot carrier injection (HCI), and electromigration. In network-on-chip (NoC) for heterogeneous manycore systems, there is a difference in the aging speed of links depending on the location and utilization of resources. In this paper, we propose a heterogeneous manycore NoC topology synthesis that predicts the aging effect of each link and deploys routers and error correction code (ECC) logic. Aging-aware ECC logic is added to each link to achieve the same link lifetime with less area and latency than the Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem (BCH) logic. Moreover, based on the modified genetic algorithm, we search for a solution that minimizes the average latency while ensuring the link lifetime by changing the number of routers, location, and network connectivity. Simulation results demonstrate that the aging-aware topology synthesis reduces the average latency of the network by up to 26.68% compared with the aging analysis and the addition of ECC logic on the link after the topology synthesis. Furthermore, topology synthesis with aging-aware ECC logic reduces the maximum average latency by up to 39.49% compared with added BCH logic. View Full-Text
Keywords: heterogeneous manycore system; network-on-chip; topology synthesis; aging resilience; error correction code; genetic algorithm heterogeneous manycore system; network-on-chip; topology synthesis; aging resilience; error correction code; genetic algorithm
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, Y.S.; Kim, S.; Han, T.H. Aging-Resilient Topology Synthesis of Heterogeneous Manycore Network-On-Chip Using Genetic Algorithm with Flexible Number of Routers. Electronics 2019, 8, 1458. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8121458

AMA Style

Lee YS, Kim S, Han TH. Aging-Resilient Topology Synthesis of Heterogeneous Manycore Network-On-Chip Using Genetic Algorithm with Flexible Number of Routers. Electronics. 2019; 8(12):1458. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8121458

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Young S.; Kim, SoYoung; Han, Tae H. 2019. "Aging-Resilient Topology Synthesis of Heterogeneous Manycore Network-On-Chip Using Genetic Algorithm with Flexible Number of Routers" Electronics 8, no. 12: 1458. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8121458

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