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Article

An Investigation into Incidences of Microbial Contamination in Cosmeceuticals in the UAE: Imbalances between Preservation and Microbial Contamination

1
Discipline of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang 11500, Malaysia
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Health and Safety Department, Dubai Municipality, Dubai 67, UAE
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Pharmacy Department, Ministry of Health and Prevention, Dubai 1853, UAE
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Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Ajman University, Ajman 346, UAE
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Center of Medical and Bio-Allied Health Sciences Research, Ajman University, Ajman 346, UAE
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Poison Control and Drug Information Center (PCDIC), College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus 44839, Palestine
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Clinical Research Centre, An-Najah National University Hospital, Nablus 44839, Palestine
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cosmetics 2020, 7(4), 92; https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics7040092
Received: 18 October 2020 / Revised: 18 November 2020 / Accepted: 19 November 2020 / Published: 24 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cosmetovigilance: Public Health Perspective)
In recent years, concern about certain personal care products and cosmetics suffering from microbial contamination has increased. In this research, we aimed to determine the types and incidence of the most common microorganisms found in unopened/unused personal care and cosmetic products in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) market. This research involved an analysis of 100 personal care products and cosmetics. For every product, microbial (Candida albicans, Staphylococcusaureus, aerobic mesophilic bacteria, Escherichia coli, yeast and mold, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) contamination was assessed, and levels were compared with the guidelines used in Europe. Of the total samples, 15% (95% CI: 0.79–22.1) were contaminated by aerobic mesophilic bacteria compared to the maximum microbial limit of 1000 CFU/g. In addition, 13% (95% CI: 0.63–19.7) of the samples were contaminated with yeast and mold compared to the maximum microbial limit of 1000 CFU/g. Of all samples, nine (9%) were contaminated with both aerobic mesophilic bacteria and yeast and mold. However, none of the tested samples were contaminated with Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, or Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Manufacturers of cosmetics and personal care products should be developing and implementing best practices regarding quality control/quality assurance in partnership with government regulators. Additionally, there should be greater control of the quality and safety of this type of product regarding good manufacturing practice (GMP), regulation, research, education, and the reporting of adverse events. View Full-Text
Keywords: microbial contamination; cosmeceuticals; cosmetovigilance; personal care; compliance behaviors microbial contamination; cosmeceuticals; cosmetovigilance; personal care; compliance behaviors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jairoun, A.A.; Al-Hemyari, S.S.; Shahwan, M.; Zyoud, S.H. An Investigation into Incidences of Microbial Contamination in Cosmeceuticals in the UAE: Imbalances between Preservation and Microbial Contamination. Cosmetics 2020, 7, 92. https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics7040092

AMA Style

Jairoun AA, Al-Hemyari SS, Shahwan M, Zyoud SH. An Investigation into Incidences of Microbial Contamination in Cosmeceuticals in the UAE: Imbalances between Preservation and Microbial Contamination. Cosmetics. 2020; 7(4):92. https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics7040092

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jairoun, Ammar A., Sabaa S. Al-Hemyari, Moyad Shahwan, and Sa’ed H. Zyoud 2020. "An Investigation into Incidences of Microbial Contamination in Cosmeceuticals in the UAE: Imbalances between Preservation and Microbial Contamination" Cosmetics 7, no. 4: 92. https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics7040092

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