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Coatings 2019, 9(3), 175; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9030175

MHD Thin Film Flow and Thermal Analysis of Blood with CNTs Nanofluid

1
Mechanical Engineering Department, Qassim University, Buraydah 51431, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Mathematics, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan 23200, Pakistan
3
Department of Mathematics, City University of Science and Information Technology (CUSIT), Peshawar 25000, Pakistan
4
Department of Mathematics, College of Arts and Science at Wadi Al-Dawaser, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj 11991, Saudi Arabia
5
Faculty of Mathematics and Statistics, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh 72915, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 February 2019 / Revised: 23 February 2019 / Accepted: 25 February 2019 / Published: 6 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Trends in Coatings and Thin Film–Modeling and Application)
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Abstract

Our main objective in the present work is to elaborate the characteristics of heat transport and magneto-hydrodynamics (MHD) finite film flow of human blood with Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) nanofluids over a stretchable upright cylinder. Two kinds of CNTs nanoparticles, namely (i) SWCNTs (single walled carbon nanotubes) and (ii) MWCNTs (multi walled carbon nanotubes), are used with human blood as a base liquid. In addition, a uniform magnetic field (B) has been conducted perpendicularly to the motion of nanoliquid. The transformation of the partial differential structure into a non-linear ordinary differential structure is made by using appropriate dimensionless quantities. The controlling approach of the Homotopy analysis method (HAM) has been executed for the result of the velocity and temperature. The thickness of the coating film has been kept variable. The pressure distribution under the variable thickness of the liquid film has been calculated. The impacts of different variables and rate of spray during coating have been graphically plotted. The coefficient of skin friction and Nusselt number have been presented numerically. In addition, it is noticed that the thermal field of a nanoliquid elevates with rising values of ϕ and this increase is more in SWCNTs nanofluid than MWCNTs nanofluid. View Full-Text
Keywords: thin film casson nanofluid; SWCNTs and MWCNTs; stretching cylinder; MHD; HAM thin film casson nanofluid; SWCNTs and MWCNTs; stretching cylinder; MHD; HAM
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Alsagri, A.S.; Nasir, S.; Gul, T.; Islam, S.; Nisar, K.; Shah, Z.; Khan, I. MHD Thin Film Flow and Thermal Analysis of Blood with CNTs Nanofluid. Coatings 2019, 9, 175.

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