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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Compaction and Hydraulic Gradient on Subbase Layer Permeability

1
Road Research Laboratory, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Saulėtekio al. 11, LT-10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
2
Road Research Institute of Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Linkmenų str. 28, LT-08217 Vilnius, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2019, 9(10), 641; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9100641
Received: 23 August 2019 / Revised: 23 September 2019 / Accepted: 27 September 2019 / Published: 3 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pavement Surface Coatings)
In order to prevent or at least reduce the deformation of road surface, it is necessary to ensure adequate water permeability of the structural layers and control of groundwater level. In geotechnical engineering, the water permeability of the mineral aggregates or soils is determined using a constant head water permeability apparatus. In order to assess the suitability of the results, it is necessary to take into account particle size distribution of the test object and perform the test at different hydraulic ramps. The aim of this research is to define and clarify unbound mineral aggregate mixtures hydraulic gradient and compaction level of road layer impact on water permeability. The following properties have been determined during the tests: particle size distribution, particle density, Proctor density, optimum water quantity, water permeability under different compaction and hydraulic slopes. Based on the results of the research, low-dustiness non-bonded mineral materials are recommended for frost resistant layers. For the water-permeability coefficient test, it is recommended that the test layer should be compacted to a design compaction ratio and the hydraulic gradient should not be higher than 1.0. Other conclusions and recommendations for further research and for improvement of water permeability functionality in the road pavement are presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: water permeability; coefficient of water permeability; hydraulic slope; road pavement; frost-susceptible layer; compaction rate; particle size distribution water permeability; coefficient of water permeability; hydraulic slope; road pavement; frost-susceptible layer; compaction rate; particle size distribution
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Filotenkovas, V.; Vaitkus, A. Effect of Compaction and Hydraulic Gradient on Subbase Layer Permeability. Coatings 2019, 9, 641.

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