Cold Gas Dynamic Spray or Supersonic Cold Spray, or simply ‘Cold Spray’, is an emerging technology for rapidly building thin films, thick coatings and large-scale additive manufacturing at relatively low temperatures. In a cold spray process, particles are accelerated to supersonic speeds by a propellant gas and impact a substrate, thus producing a strong bonding with the substrate and subsequently forming a deposit via layer-by-layer buildup. The scalability and low cost of this method make it promising for many applications in industry, such as metal component surface repair/enhancement/restoration and functional coatings for electrical, thermal, biomedical, energy storage, and nuclear plant applications. However, cold sprayed deposits usually require post process treatments to further modify their microstructures and mechanical properties in order to obtain the desired performances. A number of studies have been carried out on this topic. Here, recent progress in different post process treatments on cold sprayed deposits is reviewed, including heat treatment, friction-stir processing, shot peening, and laser re-melting. The effects of these post treatments on the microstructure, residual stress and mechanical properties of cold sprayed deposits are discussed.
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