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Open AccessArticle

Surface Functionalization of Cotton and PC Fabrics Using SiO2 and ZnO Nanoparticles for Durable Flame Retardant Properties

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Key Laboratory of Textile Science & Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Textiles, Donghua University, 2999 North Renmin Road, Shanghai 201620, China
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Department of Textile Engineering and Technology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, P.O. Box, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
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School of Textile and Design, University of Management and Technology, Lahore 54770, Pakistan
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Donghua University Center for Civil Aviation Composites, Donghua University, 2999 North Renmin Road, Shanghai 201620, China
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Department of Materials and Testing, National Textile University, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
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Department of Clothing and Textiles, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2020, 10(2), 124; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10020124
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 29 January 2020 / Accepted: 30 January 2020 / Published: 1 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Flame Retardant Materials and Surfaces)
In recent years, the use of functional textiles has attained attention due to their advantageous health and safety issues. Therefore, this study investigated the flame retardancy on cotton (COT) and polyester-cotton (PC) fabrics treated with different concentrations of silica and zinc nanoparticles through a sol-gel finishing technique. FTIR, SEM, and TGA were conducted for the characterization of coated fabric samples. The FTIR and SEM of Pristine and Treated Cotton and PC fabrics illustrated that the SiO2 (silica dioxide) and ZnO (Zinc oxide) nanoparticles were homogeneously attached to the fiber surface, which contributed to the enhancement of the thermal stability. The starting thermal degradation improved from 320 to 350 °C and maximum degradation was observed from 400 to 428 °C for the COT-2 cotton substrate. However, the initial thermal degradation improved from 310 to 319 °C and the highest degradation from 500 to 524 °C for the PC substrate PC-2. The outcomes revealed that the silica has a greater influence on the thermal properties of COT and PC fabric samples. Additionally, the tensile strength and flexural rigidity of the treated samples were improved with an insignificant decrease in air permeability. View Full-Text
Keywords: flame retardant; sol-gel coating; silica and zinc oxide nanoparticles; cotton; PC; fabric flame retardant; sol-gel coating; silica and zinc oxide nanoparticles; cotton; PC; fabric
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MDPI and ACS Style

Saleemi, S.; Naveed, T.; Riaz, T.; Memon, H.; Awan, J.A.; Siyal, M.I.; Xu, F.; Bae, J. Surface Functionalization of Cotton and PC Fabrics Using SiO2 and ZnO Nanoparticles for Durable Flame Retardant Properties. Coatings 2020, 10, 124. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10020124

AMA Style

Saleemi S, Naveed T, Riaz T, Memon H, Awan JA, Siyal MI, Xu F, Bae J. Surface Functionalization of Cotton and PC Fabrics Using SiO2 and ZnO Nanoparticles for Durable Flame Retardant Properties. Coatings. 2020; 10(2):124. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10020124

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saleemi, Sidra; Naveed, Tayab; Riaz, Tabinda; Memon, Hafeezullah; Awan, Javeed A.; Siyal, M. I.; Xu, Fujun; Bae, Jihyun. 2020. "Surface Functionalization of Cotton and PC Fabrics Using SiO2 and ZnO Nanoparticles for Durable Flame Retardant Properties" Coatings 10, no. 2: 124. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10020124

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