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Synthesis of ZnO Nanomaterials Using Low-Cost Compressed Air as Microwave Plasma Gas at Atmospheric Pressure

Department of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Gangwon-do 24341, Korea
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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(7), 942; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9070942
Received: 30 May 2019 / Revised: 23 June 2019 / Accepted: 25 June 2019 / Published: 28 June 2019
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Abstract

Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanomaterials were efficiently synthesized using a microwave plasma torch system at atmospheric pressure. The Zn powder was passed through a microwave plasma region, in which it melted and vaporized. Tetrapod-type ZnO nanomaterials with a diameter of 29.8 ± 8.0 nm were synthesized using a high-purity O2/N2 mixed gas. In particular, ZnO nanowires with a diameter of 109.5 ± 8.0 nm and a length of 5–6 μm were produced using an inexpensive compressed air as a microwave plasma gas. It was confirmed that the nanowires synthesized using the compressed air showed higher light absorption in the visible region than the tetrapod-type ZnO. In addition, the redshifts in the absorption peak and photoluminescence peak were observed from 370.6 to 375.2 nm and 380 to 390 nm, respectively. The obtained results can be explained by the change of energy levels due to the defects in the ZnO nanowires such as vacancies and interstitials of Zn and oxygen. Finally, we can conclude that cost-effective compressed air is appropriate not only for the synthesis of ZnO nanowire, but also the enlargement of optical absorption and emission range. View Full-Text
Keywords: zinc oxide; nanowire; microwave plasma; atmospheric pressure; compressed air zinc oxide; nanowire; microwave plasma; atmospheric pressure; compressed air
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Lee, B.-J.; Jo, S.-I.; Jeong, G.-H. Synthesis of ZnO Nanomaterials Using Low-Cost Compressed Air as Microwave Plasma Gas at Atmospheric Pressure. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 942.

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