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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(2), 294;

Morphology and Kinetics Evolution of Nanoscale Phase in Fe–Cr Alloys under External Strain

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
MIIT Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallic and Intermetallic Materials Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 January 2019 / Revised: 15 February 2019 / Accepted: 15 February 2019 / Published: 19 February 2019
PDF [2832 KB, uploaded 19 February 2019]


Uniaxial strain was applied to aging Fe–Cr alloys to study the morphological orientation and kinetics of the nanoscale α′ phase by utilizing phase-field simulation. The effects of applied uniaxial compressive and tensile strain on the two and three-dimensional morphology as well as on the separation kinetics of the α′ phase are quantitatively clarified. Compared with the applied uniaxial tensile strain, the applied uniaxial compressive strain shows a greater effect on the rate of phase separation, lath shape morphology and an increased rate of growth and coarsening in the α′ phase, the boundary of the α + α′ phase region is widened influenced by the applied compressive strain, while the applied tensile strain results in an increase of particle number density and a decrease of particle radius. The peak value of particle size distribution of the α′ phase increases with aging time, while an opposite trend is shown under the applied strain, and there is an obvious deviation from the theoretical distribution of Lifshitz–Slyozov–Wagner under compressive strain. The orientation morphology and kinetic change show the substantial effects of applied strain on the phase separation and supplies the method for the morphological control of nanoscale particles. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoscale phase; kinetics; morphology; external strain; simulation nanoscale phase; kinetics; morphology; external strain; simulation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhu, L.; Li, Y.; Shi, S.; Yan, Z.; Chen, J.; Maqbool, S. Morphology and Kinetics Evolution of Nanoscale Phase in Fe–Cr Alloys under External Strain. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 294.

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