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Open AccessArticle

Strontium Oxide Deposited onto a Load-Bearable and Porous Titanium Matrix as Dynamic and High-Surface-Contact-Area Catalysis for Transesterification

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan
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Medical Device Innovation Center, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan
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Center for Micro/Nanoscience and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
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Center for Measurement Standards, Industrial Technology Research Institute, No. 321, Kuang Fu Road, Sec. 2, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan
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Department of Materials Science, National University of Tainan, Tainan 700, Taiwan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2018, 8(12), 973; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8120973
Received: 29 October 2018 / Revised: 19 November 2018 / Accepted: 22 November 2018 / Published: 26 November 2018
Strontium oxide (SrO) deposited onto a porous titanium (Ti)-based scaffold (P-Ti) is a promising and novel approach for high-throughput transesterification. Notably, a highly porous and calcinated scaffold provides a load-bearable support for a continuous process, while the calcinated SrO catalyst, as it is well distributed inside the porous matrix, can extend its surface contact area with the reactant. In this work, the formation of transesterification reaction with the conversion and production of olive oil to biodiesel inside the porous matrix is particularly examined. The as-designed SrO-coated porous titanium (Ti)-based scaffold with 55% porosity was prepared via a hydrothermal procedure, followed by a dip coating method. Mechanical tests of samples were conducted by a nanoindentator, whereas the physical and chemical structures were identified by IR and Raman Spectroscopies. The results implied that SrO catalysts can be firmly deposited onto a load-bearable, highly porous matrix and play an effective role for the transesterification reaction with the oil mass. It is promising to be employed as a load-bearable support for a continuous transesterification process, such as a process for batch or continuous biodiesel production, under an efficient heating source by a focused microwave system. View Full-Text
Keywords: Strontium oxide; porous titanium scaffold; transesterification; biodiesel Strontium oxide; porous titanium scaffold; transesterification; biodiesel
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, H.; Liao, J.-D.; Lee, M.H.; Liu, B.H.; Fu, W.-E.; Sivashanmugan, K.; Juang, Y.-D. Strontium Oxide Deposited onto a Load-Bearable and Porous Titanium Matrix as Dynamic and High-Surface-Contact-Area Catalysis for Transesterification. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 973.

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