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Review

Carbon Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Functionalization and Sensing Applications

by 1,2,3
1
CMM—FBK, v. Sommarive 18, 38123 Trento, Italy
2
IFN—CNR, CSMFO Lab., via alla Cascata 56/C Povo, 38123 Trento, Italy
3
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Trento, v. Sommarive 9, 38123 Trento, Italy
Academic Editor: Alexander Kromka
Nanomaterials 2021, 11(4), 967; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11040967
Received: 16 February 2021 / Revised: 16 March 2021 / Accepted: 17 March 2021 / Published: 9 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon-Based Nanocomposites for Biosensing Approaches)
Recent advances in nanomaterial design and synthesis has resulted in robust sensing systems that display superior analytical performance. The use of nanomaterials within sensors has accelerated new routes and opportunities for the detection of analytes or target molecules. Among others, carbon-based sensors have reported biocompatibility, better sensitivity, better selectivity and lower limits of detection to reveal a wide range of organic and inorganic molecules. Carbon nanomaterials are among the most extensively studied materials because of their unique properties spanning from the high specific surface area, high carrier mobility, high electrical conductivity, flexibility, and optical transparency fostering their use in sensing applications. In this paper, a comprehensive review has been made to cover recent developments in the field of carbon-based nanomaterials for sensing applications. The review describes nanomaterials like fullerenes, carbon onions, carbon quantum dots, nanodiamonds, carbon nanotubes, and graphene. Synthesis of these nanostructures has been discussed along with their functionalization methods. The recent application of all these nanomaterials in sensing applications has been highlighted for the principal applicative field and the future prospects and possibilities have been outlined. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanostructures; fullerenes; nano onions; quantum dots; nanodiamonds; carbon nanotubes; graphene carbon nanostructures; fullerenes; nano onions; quantum dots; nanodiamonds; carbon nanotubes; graphene
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MDPI and ACS Style

Speranza, G. Carbon Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Functionalization and Sensing Applications. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 967. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11040967

AMA Style

Speranza G. Carbon Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Functionalization and Sensing Applications. Nanomaterials. 2021; 11(4):967. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11040967

Chicago/Turabian Style

Speranza, Giorgio. 2021. "Carbon Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Functionalization and Sensing Applications" Nanomaterials 11, no. 4: 967. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11040967

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