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Open AccessReview

A Review on the Application of Nanocellulose in Cementitious Materials

1
Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
2
Chemical Engineering Department, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
3
School of Civil Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Kexue Avenue 100#, Zhengzhou 450001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(12), 2476; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10122476
Received: 25 November 2020 / Revised: 5 December 2020 / Accepted: 8 December 2020 / Published: 10 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Concrete under Nanoscope)
The development of the concrete industry is always accompanied by some environmental issues such as global warming and energy consumption. Under this circumstance, the application of nanocellulose in cementitious materials is attracting more and more attention in recent years not only because of its renewability and sustainability but also because of its unique properties. To trace the research progress and provide some guidance for future research, the application of nanocellulose to cementitious materials is reviewed. Specifically, the effects of cellulose nanocrystal (CNC), cellulose nanofibril (CNF), bacterial cellulose (BC), and cellulose filament (CF) on the physical and fresh properties, hydration, mechanical properties, microstructure, rheology, shrinkage, and durability of cementitious materials are summarized. It can be seen that the type, dosage, and dispersion of nanocellulose, and even the cementitious matrix type can lead to different results. Moreover, in this review, some unexplored topics are highlighted and remain to be further studied. Lastly, the major challenge of nanocellulose dispersion, related to the effectiveness of nanocellulose in cementitious materials, is examined in detail. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocellulose; cementitious material; cellulose nanocrystal; cellulose nanofibril; bacterial cellulose; cellulose filament nanocellulose; cementitious material; cellulose nanocrystal; cellulose nanofibril; bacterial cellulose; cellulose filament
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, A.; Sun, Z.; Sathitsuksanoh, N.; Feng, H. A Review on the Application of Nanocellulose in Cementitious Materials. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 2476. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10122476

AMA Style

Guo A, Sun Z, Sathitsuksanoh N, Feng H. A Review on the Application of Nanocellulose in Cementitious Materials. Nanomaterials. 2020; 10(12):2476. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10122476

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guo, Aofei; Sun, Zhihui; Sathitsuksanoh, Noppadon; Feng, Hu. 2020. "A Review on the Application of Nanocellulose in Cementitious Materials" Nanomaterials 10, no. 12: 2476. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10122476

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