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Article

Modelling Autonomous Agents’ Decisions in Learning to Cross a Cellular Automaton-Based Highway via Artificial Neural Networks

1
Global Management Studies, Ted Rogers School of Management, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada
2
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Computation 2020, 8(3), 64; https://doi.org/10.3390/computation8030064
Received: 20 May 2020 / Revised: 22 June 2020 / Accepted: 27 June 2020 / Published: 8 July 2020
A lot of effort has been devoted to mathematical modelling and simulation of complex systems for a better understanding of their dynamics and control. Modelling and analysis of computer simulations outcomes are also important aspects of studying the behaviour of complex systems. It often involves the use of both traditional and modern statistical approaches, including multiple linear regression, generalized linear model and non-linear regression models such as artificial neural networks. In this work, we first conduct a simulation study of the agents’ decisions learning to cross a cellular automaton based highway and then, we model the simulation data using artificial neural networks. Our research shows that artificial neural networks are capable of capturing the functional relationships between input and output variables of our simulation experiments, and they outperform the classical modelling approaches. The variable importance measure techniques can consistently identify the most dominant factors that affect the response variables, which help us to better understand how the decision-making by the autonomous agents is affected by the input factors. The significance of this work is in extending the investigations of complex systems from mathematical modelling and computer simulations to the analysis and modelling of the data obtained from the simulations using advanced statistical models. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial neural networks; analysis of designed experiments; simulation and modelling; agent-based simulations; cognitive agents artificial neural networks; analysis of designed experiments; simulation and modelling; agent-based simulations; cognitive agents
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xie, S.; Lawniczak, A.T.; Hao, J. Modelling Autonomous Agents’ Decisions in Learning to Cross a Cellular Automaton-Based Highway via Artificial Neural Networks. Computation 2020, 8, 64. https://doi.org/10.3390/computation8030064

AMA Style

Xie S, Lawniczak AT, Hao J. Modelling Autonomous Agents’ Decisions in Learning to Cross a Cellular Automaton-Based Highway via Artificial Neural Networks. Computation. 2020; 8(3):64. https://doi.org/10.3390/computation8030064

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xie, Shengkun, Anna T. Lawniczak, and Junlin Hao. 2020. "Modelling Autonomous Agents’ Decisions in Learning to Cross a Cellular Automaton-Based Highway via Artificial Neural Networks" Computation 8, no. 3: 64. https://doi.org/10.3390/computation8030064

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