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Open AccessArticle

Form and Content in Buber’s and Schweid’s Literary-Philosophical Readings of Genesis

Department of Education, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
Religions 2019, 10(6), 398; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10060398
Received: 29 April 2019 / Revised: 19 June 2019 / Accepted: 20 June 2019 / Published: 24 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Jewish Religious Teaching and Learning)
The following essay is presented as part of a long-term project concerned with the theory and practice of modern Jewish thinkers as interpreters of the Bible. The recent Bible commentaries of Eliezer Schweid, who is one of the foremost Jewish scholars and theologians active in Israel today, are analyzed in comparison with parallel interpretations of Martin Buber, with special reference to the first chapters of Genesis. Their respective analyses of Biblical narrative reveal notable similarities in their treatment of the literary “body” of the text as the key to its theological significance. Nonetheless, Buber articulates religious experience largely “from the human side,” striving to mediate Biblical consciousness to the contemporary humanistic mindset, while Schweid positions himself more as the clarion of the “prophetic writers” for whom the fear of God, no less than the love of God, must inform an authentic religious sensibility. Schweid’s more theocentric perspective has great import for contemporary issues such as the universal covetousness engendered by the violation of our ecological covenant with the Earth. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bible interpretation; post-criticism; form and content; Creation; embodied language; concepts and symbols; dialogue; theocentrism Bible interpretation; post-criticism; form and content; Creation; embodied language; concepts and symbols; dialogue; theocentrism
MDPI and ACS Style

Cohen, J. Form and Content in Buber’s and Schweid’s Literary-Philosophical Readings of Genesis. Religions 2019, 10, 398.

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