Next Article in Journal
Life Cycle Assessment of an Oscillating Wave Surge Energy Converter
Previous Article in Journal
Determining Residual Deviation and Analysis of the Current Use of the Magnetic Compass
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Effect of Tropical Cyclone Nicholas (11–20 February 2008) on Sea Level Anomalies in Indonesian Waters
Open AccessArticle

Approaching Sea-Level Rise (SLR) Change: Strengthening Local Responses to Sea-Level Rise and Coping with Climate Change in Northern Mozambique

1
Faculty of Natural Sciences, Lúrio University, 958 Pemba, Mozambique
2
Department of Biology & CESAM (Center for Environmental and Marine Studies), University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
3
Research and Transfer Centre “Sustainability and Climate Change Management”, Faculty of Life Sciences, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, D-21033 Hamburg, Germany
4
School of Science and the Environment, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M15 6BH, UK
5
Center for Environmental and Marine Studies, Department of Physics & CESAM, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
6
Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Faculty of Sciences & MARE, University of Lisbon, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Callum R. Firth
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(2), 205; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9020205
Received: 21 January 2021 / Revised: 8 February 2021 / Accepted: 10 February 2021 / Published: 16 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sea Level Rise: Drivers, Variability and Impacts)
Mean sea-level is expected to rise significantly by 2100 in all scenarios, including those compatible with the objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement. Global sea level rise projections indicate devastating implications for populations, ecosystem services and biodiversity. The implications of the sea-level rise (SLR) on low-lying islands and coastal regions and communities are substantial and require deep-rooted coping measures. In the absence of adequate responses for coping, Mozambique is expected to record huge losses, with an impact on the economy and development in many sectors of its coastal regions mainly in northern Mozambique. This research aimed to perform projections on SLR in Mozambique, and to understand its role and implications on the north coast of the country. SLR was estimated through the analysis of model outputs that support the global estimates of the fifth IPCC report near the Mozambican coast, for each of the four representative concentration pathways (RCPs) scenarios. Regional coastline retreat and coastal erosion were estimated through the results of global sandy coastlines projections developed by Vousdoukas. Mean sea-level rise projections indicate that regional estimates for the Mozambican coast are relative higher than global estimates (~0.05 m) for all representative concentration pathways (RCPs). Yet, we highlight significant differences in sea-level rises of 0.5 m, 0.7 m or 1.0 m by 2100 compared to the global mean. It is expected that with the increase in the mean sea level in the northern part of the Mozambican coast, erosive effects will increase, as well as the retreat of the coastline until 2100. With this, the tourism sector, settlements, ecosystem services and local populations are expected to be significantly affected by 2050, with increased threats in 2100 (RCP4.5, RCP8.5). Local responses for coping are proposed and properly discussed for the RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios through 2100. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sea-level rise; northern Mozambique; ecosystem services; local response; shoreline retreat; and erosive trend Sea-level rise; northern Mozambique; ecosystem services; local response; shoreline retreat; and erosive trend
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mucova, S.A.R.; Azeiteiro, U.M.; Filho, W.L.; Lopes, C.L.; Dias, J.M.; Pereira, M.J. Approaching Sea-Level Rise (SLR) Change: Strengthening Local Responses to Sea-Level Rise and Coping with Climate Change in Northern Mozambique. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 205. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9020205

AMA Style

Mucova SAR, Azeiteiro UM, Filho WL, Lopes CL, Dias JM, Pereira MJ. Approaching Sea-Level Rise (SLR) Change: Strengthening Local Responses to Sea-Level Rise and Coping with Climate Change in Northern Mozambique. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2021; 9(2):205. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9020205

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mucova, Serafino A.R.; Azeiteiro, Ulisses M.; Filho, Walter L.; Lopes, Carina L.; Dias, João M.; Pereira, Mário J. 2021. "Approaching Sea-Level Rise (SLR) Change: Strengthening Local Responses to Sea-Level Rise and Coping with Climate Change in Northern Mozambique" J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 9, no. 2: 205. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9020205

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop