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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

The More You Search, the More You Find: A New Mediterranean Endemism of the Genus Ocenebra Gray, 1847 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Muricidae) from a Submarine Cave of the Messina Strait Area (Italy)

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Department of Integrative Marine Ecology, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, I-80121 Napoli, Italy
2
Research associate, Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, rue Vautier, 29, 1000 Bruxelles, Belgium
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Research associate, Institute of Systematics, Evolution, Biodiversity (ISYEB), National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), CNRS, SU, EPHE, UA, CP 51, 57 rue Cuvier, 75005 Paris, France
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Via Giuseppe Mazzini 9, I-61022 Vallefoglia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(6), 443; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8060443
Received: 20 May 2020 / Revised: 8 June 2020 / Accepted: 12 June 2020 / Published: 16 June 2020
Three hundred years of study on the Mediterranean molluscan fauna led the scientific community to consider it as the best ever known. However, the rate at which new taxa are discovered and described every year is still remarkably high, even in key predators such as Muricidae Rafinesque, 1815. Within this family, the genus Ocenebra Gray, 1847 comprises species widely distributed in the northeastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea that were already the target of a decadal nomenclatural, morphological, and molecular combined research. Notwithstanding, we hereby describe an additional ocenebrid endemism from the Mediterranean Sea, whose distribution appears to be restricted to a circalittoral submarine cave of the Messina Strait area (Italy). The new species Ocenebra vazzanai is compared with the recent Atlanto-Mediterranean congeneric taxa on the basis of the known type materials, and a table summarizing the main diagnostic features of the species is offered to facilitate future identifications. The high biodiversity highlighted in the genus Ocenebra reveals a wide adaptive radiation and suggests the necessity of further studies aiming to tackle biodiversity issues even in popular groups, such as molluscs, and in widely studied biogeographic areas, such as Italy, and the Mediterranean basin in general. View Full-Text
Keywords: mussel drills; adaptive radiation; biodiversity; alpha taxonomy; Ocenebra vazzanai new species mussel drills; adaptive radiation; biodiversity; alpha taxonomy; Ocenebra vazzanai new species
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MDPI and ACS Style

Crocetta, F.; Houart, R.; Bonomolo, G. The More You Search, the More You Find: A New Mediterranean Endemism of the Genus Ocenebra Gray, 1847 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Muricidae) from a Submarine Cave of the Messina Strait Area (Italy). J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 443. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8060443

AMA Style

Crocetta F, Houart R, Bonomolo G. The More You Search, the More You Find: A New Mediterranean Endemism of the Genus Ocenebra Gray, 1847 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Muricidae) from a Submarine Cave of the Messina Strait Area (Italy). Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2020; 8(6):443. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8060443

Chicago/Turabian Style

Crocetta, Fabio; Houart, Roland; Bonomolo, Giuseppe. 2020. "The More You Search, the More You Find: A New Mediterranean Endemism of the Genus Ocenebra Gray, 1847 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Muricidae) from a Submarine Cave of the Messina Strait Area (Italy)" J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 8, no. 6: 443. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8060443

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