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Article

Evaluation of Pollutant Emissions into the Atmosphere during the Loading of Hydrocarbons in Marine Oil Tankers in the Arctic Region

1
Department of Petroleum Engineering, Department of Geoecology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Saint Petersburg Mining University, 2, 21st Line, 199106 Saint Petersburg, Russia
2
Discipline of Chemical Engineering, School of Engineering, Howard College Campus, University of KwaZulu-Natal, King George V Avenue, Durban 4041, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(11), 917; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8110917
Received: 14 September 2020 / Revised: 10 November 2020 / Accepted: 11 November 2020 / Published: 13 November 2020
Emissions of volatile organic compounds into the atmosphere when loading oil or petroleum products into tankers are strong environmental pollutants. Given the increase in oil transport by sea and the development of Arctic routes, humanity faces the task of preserving the Arctic ecosystem. Vapor recovery units can limit the emissions of volatile organic compounds. However, it is necessary to estimate the emissions of oil and petroleum products vapors. This article offers two methods for estimating emissions of volatile organic compounds. In the analytical method, a mathematical model of evaporation dynamics and forecasting tank gas space pressure of the tanker is proposed. The model makes it possible to estimate the throughput capacity of existing gas phase discharge pipeline systems and is also suitable for designing new oil vapor recovery units. Creating an experimental laboratory stand is proposed in the experimental method, and its possible technological scheme is developed. View Full-Text
Keywords: volatile organic compounds (VOCs); vapor recovery unit (VRU); oil loading; oil evaporation; arctic’s protection; emissions assessment; available technologies volatile organic compounds (VOCs); vapor recovery unit (VRU); oil loading; oil evaporation; arctic’s protection; emissions assessment; available technologies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fetisov, V.; Pshenin, V.; Nagornov, D.; Lykov, Y.; Mohammadi, A.H. Evaluation of Pollutant Emissions into the Atmosphere during the Loading of Hydrocarbons in Marine Oil Tankers in the Arctic Region. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 917. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8110917

AMA Style

Fetisov V, Pshenin V, Nagornov D, Lykov Y, Mohammadi AH. Evaluation of Pollutant Emissions into the Atmosphere during the Loading of Hydrocarbons in Marine Oil Tankers in the Arctic Region. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2020; 8(11):917. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8110917

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fetisov, Vadim, Vladimir Pshenin, Dmitrii Nagornov, Yuri Lykov, and Amir H. Mohammadi. 2020. "Evaluation of Pollutant Emissions into the Atmosphere during the Loading of Hydrocarbons in Marine Oil Tankers in the Arctic Region" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 8, no. 11: 917. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8110917

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