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Article

Pregnant Women’s Risk Perception of the Teratogenic Effects of Alcohol Consumption in Pregnancy

1
Foetal Medicine Unit, University Hospital Virgen Macarena, 41009 Seville, Spain
2
Department of Surgery, University of Seville, 41009 Seville, Spain
3
Department of Social, Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
4
Research Group on Health Promotion and Development of Lifestyle across the Life Span, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
5
Center for Research in Contemporary Thought and Innovation for Social Development (COIDESO), University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
6
Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, University of Seville, 41009 Seville, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(6), 907; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8060907
Received: 15 May 2019 / Revised: 11 June 2019 / Accepted: 20 June 2019 / Published: 25 June 2019
There is ample evidence of the teratogenic effects of prenatal alcohol exposure, with long-term consequences throughout the entire life cycle. Nevertheless, research on risk perception of alcohol consumption among pregnant women is scarce. In order to analyze risk perception of alcohol consumption during pregnancy, a cross-sectional study was conducted with a random sample of 426 pregnant women (in their 20th week of gestation) receiving care at the outpatient clinics of a public university hospital in the southern European city of Seville (Spain). Data were collected through structured face-to-face interviews conducted by trained health professionals using a customized questionnaire. Data analysis included structural equation modeling. Only 48.1% of the sample indicated that the sequelae from alcohol consumption during pregnancy were life-long. The structural equation model showed that a lower risk perception about beer and wine consumption, and a lower educational level, were related to more frequent alcohol consumption. Younger participants showed lower risk perception concerning beer consumption. Higher levels of education were related to a greater risk perception of beer. Healthcare institutions should articulate programs that facilitate health advice regarding alcohol consumption during pregnancy, particularly when providing care for women with low educational levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk perception; alcohol consumption; pregnancy; FASD; prevention; Spain risk perception; alcohol consumption; pregnancy; FASD; prevention; Spain
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MDPI and ACS Style

Corrales-Gutierrez, I.; Mendoza, R.; Gomez-Baya, D.; Leon-Larios, F. Pregnant Women’s Risk Perception of the Teratogenic Effects of Alcohol Consumption in Pregnancy. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 907. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8060907

AMA Style

Corrales-Gutierrez I, Mendoza R, Gomez-Baya D, Leon-Larios F. Pregnant Women’s Risk Perception of the Teratogenic Effects of Alcohol Consumption in Pregnancy. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(6):907. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8060907

Chicago/Turabian Style

Corrales-Gutierrez, Isabel, Ramon Mendoza, Diego Gomez-Baya, and Fatima Leon-Larios. 2019. "Pregnant Women’s Risk Perception of the Teratogenic Effects of Alcohol Consumption in Pregnancy" Journal of Clinical Medicine 8, no. 6: 907. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8060907

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