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J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(4), 501; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8040501

Factors Predicting the Surgical Risk of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Spine Section, Bone and Joint Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 7 March 2019 / Revised: 2 April 2019 / Accepted: 10 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spinal Deformity)
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Abstract

The aim of our study was to investigate the association between global spinal alignment, spinopelvic parameters, and outcomes of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). Patients with vertebral compression fractures seen at our hospital between October 2017 and November of 2018 with a bone mineral density (BMD) T-score < −2.5 were recruited for the study. Surgical intervention was performed after eight weeks of conservative treatment depending on clinical symptoms and the willingness of patients. Spinopelvic and sagittal alignment parameters were compared between patients who had surgery and those that did not. Seventy-nine patients were included in the study. Twenty-five patients (31.6%, mean age: 73.28 ± 9.78 years) received surgery, and 54 (68.3%, mean age: 73 ± 8.58 years) conservative treatment only. Pelvic tilt, pelvic incidence, and local kyphotic angle were statistically different between the groups (all p < 0.05). A sagittal vertical axis ≥ 50 mm, distance between the C7 plumb line and the center of the fractured vertebra (DSVA) ≥ 60 mm, pelvic incidence outside of the range of 44 to 62°), and pelvic tilt ≥ 27° were associted with the need for surgical intervention. Measurement of spinopelvic parameters can predict the need for surgery in patients with OVCF. View Full-Text
Keywords: vertebral compression fracture; osteoporosis; sagittal alignment; spinopelvic parameters vertebral compression fracture; osteoporosis; sagittal alignment; spinopelvic parameters
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kao, F.-C.; Huang, Y.-J.; Chiu, P.-Y.; Hsieh, M.-K.; Tsai, T.-T. Factors Predicting the Surgical Risk of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 501.

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