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Article

2017 ACC/AHA Blood Pressure Classification and Cardiovascular Disease in 15 Million Adults of Age 20–94 Years

1
Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 03722, Korea
2
Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 03722, Korea
3
Department of Public Health, Yonsei University Graduate School, Seoul 03722, Korea
4
Big Data Steering Department, National Health Insurance Service, Wonju 26464, Korea
5
Division of Cardiology, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital and Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 03722, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(11), 1832; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8111832
Received: 2 September 2019 / Revised: 8 October 2019 / Accepted: 28 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
The 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) high blood pressure (BP) guideline lowered the cut-off for hypertension, but its age-specific association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains inconclusive in different populations. We evaluated the association between high BP according to the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline and CVD risks in Koreans aged 20–94 years. In a nationwide health screening cohort, we included 15,508,537 persons aged 20–94 years without prior CVD. BP was categorized into normal, elevated, stage 1 hypertension, or stage 2 hypertension. The primary outcome was a composite CVD hospitalization (myocardial infarction, stroke, and/or heart failure). Over 10 years of follow-up, CVD incidence rates per 100,000 person-years were 105.4, 168.3, 215.9, and 641.2 for normal, elevated BP, stage 1, and stage 2 hypertension, respectively. The age-specific hazard ratios of stage 1 hypertension compared to normal BP were 1.41 (1.34–1.48) at ages 20–34, 1.54 (1.51–1.57) at ages 35–49, 1.38 (1.35–1.40) at ages 50–64, 1.21 (1.19–1.24) at ages 65–79, and 1.11 (1.03–1.19) at ages 80–94 years. With the lowered BP cut-off, 130/80 mmHg, population attributable fraction for CVD was 32.2%. In conclusion, stage 1 hypertension was significantly associated with a higher CVD risk across entire adulthood. The new definition of hypertension may have a substantial population impact on primary CVD prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: hypertension; guideline; age-specific risk; population attributable risk; real world data hypertension; guideline; age-specific risk; population attributable risk; real world data
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, H.; Cho, S.M.J.; Park, J.H.; Park, S.; Kim, H.C. 2017 ACC/AHA Blood Pressure Classification and Cardiovascular Disease in 15 Million Adults of Age 20–94 Years. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 1832. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8111832

AMA Style

Lee H, Cho SMJ, Park JH, Park S, Kim HC. 2017 ACC/AHA Blood Pressure Classification and Cardiovascular Disease in 15 Million Adults of Age 20–94 Years. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(11):1832. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8111832

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Hokyou, So M.J. Cho, Jong H. Park, Sungha Park, and Hyeon C. Kim 2019. "2017 ACC/AHA Blood Pressure Classification and Cardiovascular Disease in 15 Million Adults of Age 20–94 Years" Journal of Clinical Medicine 8, no. 11: 1832. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8111832

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