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Review

Impact of Desert Dust Events on the Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, 38010 Tenerife, Spain
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Departamento de Enfermería, Universidad de La Laguna, 38200 Tenerife, Spain
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CIBER de Enfermedades CardioVasculares (CIBERCV), 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de La Laguna, 38200 Tenerife, Spain
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Estación Experimental de Zonas Áridas, EEZA, CSIC, 04120 Almería, Spain
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Instituto de Productos Naturales y Agrobiología, IPNA, CSIC, 38206 Tenerife, Spain
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Área del Corazón, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, 33011 Oviedo, Spain
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Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Principado de Asturias, 33011 Oviedo, Spain
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Departamento de Medicina, Universidad de Oviedo, 33003 Asturias, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Alberto Domínguez-Rodríguez and Daniel Hernández-Vaquero share first signing author status.
Academic Editors: Eliano Navarese and Carmine Zoccali
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(4), 727; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10040727
Received: 18 December 2020 / Revised: 4 February 2021 / Accepted: 5 February 2021 / Published: 12 February 2021
Background: Whether or not inhalation of airborne desert dust has adverse health effects is unknown. The present study, based on a systematic review and meta-analysis, was carried out to assess the influence desert dust on cardiovascular mortality, acute coronary syndrome, and heart failure. Methods: A systematic search was made in PubMed and Embase databases for studies published before March 2020. Studies based on daily measurements of desert dust were identified. The meta-analysis evaluated the impact of desert dust on cardiovascular events the same day (lag 0) of the exposure and during several days after the exposure (lags 1 to 5). The combined impact of several days of exposure was also evaluated. The incidence rate ratio (IRR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) was calculated using the inverse variance random effects method. Results: Of the 589 identified titles, a total of 15 studies were selected. The impact of desert dust on the incidence of cardiovascular mortality was statistically significant (IRR = 1.018 (95%CI 1.008–1.027); p < 0.001) in lag 0 of the dust episode, in the following day (lag 1) (IRR = 1.005 (95%CI 1.001–1.009); p = 0.022), and during both days combined (lag 0–1) (IRR = 1.015 (95%CI 1.003–1.028); p = 0.014). Conclusions: The inhalation to desert dust results in a 2% increase (for every 10 µg/m3) in cardiovascular mortality risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: meta-analysis; cardiovascular mortality; acute coronary syndrome; heart failure; particulate matter; dust; desert dust meta-analysis; cardiovascular mortality; acute coronary syndrome; heart failure; particulate matter; dust; desert dust
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MDPI and ACS Style

Domínguez-Rodríguez, A.; Báez-Ferrer, N.; Abreu-González, P.; Rodríguez, S.; Díaz, R.; Avanzas, P.; Hernández-Vaquero, D. Impact of Desert Dust Events on the Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 727. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10040727

AMA Style

Domínguez-Rodríguez A, Báez-Ferrer N, Abreu-González P, Rodríguez S, Díaz R, Avanzas P, Hernández-Vaquero D. Impact of Desert Dust Events on the Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(4):727. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10040727

Chicago/Turabian Style

Domínguez-Rodríguez, Alberto, Néstor Báez-Ferrer, Pedro Abreu-González, Sergio Rodríguez, Rocío Díaz, Pablo Avanzas, and Daniel Hernández-Vaquero. 2021. "Impact of Desert Dust Events on the Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 4: 727. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10040727

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