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Article

Adherence to Vaccination Policy among Public Health Professionals: Results of a National Survey in Italy

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Department of Biomedical Science and Human Oncology, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Piazza G. Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, Italy
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Department of Medical Surgical Sciences and Translational Medicine, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Via di Grottarossa 1035/1039, 00189 Rome, Italy
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Department of Prevention, ASL Bari, 70122 Bari, Italy
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Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Via Savi 10, 56126 Pisa, Italy
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Coordinator of GISIO-SItI Working Group, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies “GF Ingrassia”, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
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GISIO-SItI Working Group–Italian Study Group of Hospital Hygiene–Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Viale Cittá d’Europa, 74, 00144 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vaccines 2020, 8(3), 379; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines8030379
Received: 8 June 2020 / Revised: 5 July 2020 / Accepted: 9 July 2020 / Published: 11 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Measles-Mumps-Rubella-Varicella Vaccination)
Starting from 2013, the number of unvaccinated people alarmingly increased in Italy; therefore, in 2017 a new Vaccine National Plan was approved. Healthcare workers (HCWs), especially public health professionals (PHPs, i.e., workers in in the sector of hygiene and preventive medicine), have an important role in informing and promoting vaccinations. In this context, the Italian Study Group of Hospital Hygiene of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health (GISIO-SItI) conducted a national survey to assess knowledge, attitude, and practices towards recommended vaccinations among PHPs. The survey was conducted during October 2019 with an anonymous questionnaire distributed to PHPs attending the 52° SItI National Congress. Overall, 57.1% of operators answered correctly to all seven recommended vaccinations, 12.8% reported to be vaccinated for all seven recommended vaccinations, while 30% were naturally immunized. A higher immunization coverage was reported for anti-hepatitis B (88.9%) and measles (86.1%), and 81.3% of the participants reported being offered the influenza vaccination during the 2018/2019 season. The majority of our sample indicated that hepatitis B (95%) and influenza (93.7%) were the recommended vaccines for HCWs, while less was known regarding varicella, pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus boosters every 10 years. PHPs who were vaccinated (or who intended to be vaccinated) were more likely to recommend vaccinations to their patients and provided a reassuring example to those hesitant patients. Finally, this is the first study that identified good algorithms (using the techniques of machine learning as Random Forest and Deep Learning) to predict the knowledge of PHPs regarding recommended vaccinations with possible applications in other national and international contexts. View Full-Text
Keywords: public health professional; healthcare workers; knowledge; recommended vaccinations; attitude; vaccination coverage; machine learning public health professional; healthcare workers; knowledge; recommended vaccinations; attitude; vaccination coverage; machine learning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Montagna, M.T.; De Giglio, O.; Napoli, C.; Fasano, F.; Diella, G.; Donnoli, R.; Caggiano, G.; Tafuri, S.; Lopalco, P.L.; Agodi, A.; GISIO-SItI Working Group. Adherence to Vaccination Policy among Public Health Professionals: Results of a National Survey in Italy. Vaccines 2020, 8, 379. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines8030379

AMA Style

Montagna MT, De Giglio O, Napoli C, Fasano F, Diella G, Donnoli R, Caggiano G, Tafuri S, Lopalco PL, Agodi A, GISIO-SItI Working Group. Adherence to Vaccination Policy among Public Health Professionals: Results of a National Survey in Italy. Vaccines. 2020; 8(3):379. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines8030379

Chicago/Turabian Style

Montagna, Maria T.; De Giglio, Osvalda; Napoli, Christian; Fasano, Fabrizio; Diella, Giusy; Donnoli, Rosalba; Caggiano, Giuseppina; Tafuri, Silvio; Lopalco, Pier L.; Agodi, Antonella; GISIO-SItI Working Group. 2020. "Adherence to Vaccination Policy among Public Health Professionals: Results of a National Survey in Italy" Vaccines 8, no. 3: 379. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines8030379

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