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Article

Simultaneous PAN Carbonization and Ceramic Sintering for Fabricating Carbon Fiber-Ceramic Composite Heaters

1
Deakin University, Institute for Frontier Materials, Geelong/Melbourne, Victoria 3216, Australia
2
Wuhan Textile University, Joint Laboratory for Advanced Textile Processing and Clean Production, Wuhan 430073, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(22), 4945; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9224945
Received: 15 October 2019 / Revised: 11 November 2019 / Accepted: 14 November 2019 / Published: 17 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ceramic Tiles Production and Consumption)
In this study, a single firing was used to convert stabilized polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibers and ceramic forming materials (kaolin, feldspar, and quartz) into carbon fiber/ceramic composites. For the first time, PAN carbonization and ceramic sintering were achieved simultaneously in one thermal cycle and the microscopic morphologies and physical features of the obtained carbon fiber/ceramic composites were characterized in detail. The obtained carbon fiber/ceramic composite showed comparable flexural strength as commercial ceramic tiles. Meanwhile, the composite showed exceptional electro-thermal performance based on the electro-thermal performance of the carbonized PAN fibers, which could reach 108 ℃ after 15 s, 204 ℃ after 90 s, and 292 ℃ after 450 s at 5 V (2.6 A), thereby making the ceramic composite a good candidate as an indoor climate control heater, defogger device, kettle, and other heating element. View Full-Text
Keywords: one-step firing method; PAN carbonization; ceramic; composite; electro-thermal performance one-step firing method; PAN carbonization; ceramic; composite; electro-thermal performance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, D.; Tang, B.; Lu, X.; Li, Q.; Chen, W.; Dong, X.; Wang, J.; Wang, X. Simultaneous PAN Carbonization and Ceramic Sintering for Fabricating Carbon Fiber-Ceramic Composite Heaters. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 4945. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9224945

AMA Style

Li D, Tang B, Lu X, Li Q, Chen W, Dong X, Wang J, Wang X. Simultaneous PAN Carbonization and Ceramic Sintering for Fabricating Carbon Fiber-Ceramic Composite Heaters. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(22):4945. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9224945

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Daiqi, Bin Tang, Xi Lu, Quanxiang Li, Wu Chen, Xiongwei Dong, Jinfeng Wang, and Xungai Wang. 2019. "Simultaneous PAN Carbonization and Ceramic Sintering for Fabricating Carbon Fiber-Ceramic Composite Heaters" Applied Sciences 9, no. 22: 4945. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9224945

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