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Open AccessArticle

Sequences of Sub-Microsecond Laser Pulses for Material Processing: Modeling of Coupled Gas Dynamics and Heat Transfer

1
Moscow State University of Technology STANKIN, Vadkovsky Per. 3a, 127055 Moscow, Russia
2
Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics SB RAS, Institutskaya Str. 4/1, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(22), 4785; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9224785
Received: 13 September 2019 / Revised: 3 November 2019 / Accepted: 5 November 2019 / Published: 8 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Applied Physics)
Multipulse laser processing of materials is promising because of the additional possibilities to control the thickness of the treated and the heat-affected zones and the energy efficiency. To study the physics of mutual interaction of pulses at high repetition rate, a model is proposed where heat transfer in the target and gas-dynamics of vapor and ambient gas are coupled by the gas-dynamic boundary conditions of evaporation/condensation. Numerical calculations are accomplished for a substrate of an austenitic steel subjected to a 300 ns single pulse of CO2 laser and a sequence of the similar pulses with lower intensity and 10 μs inter-pulse separation assuring approximately the same thermal impact on the target. It is revealed that the pulses of the sequence interact due to heat accumulation in the target but they cannot interact through the gas phase. Evaporation is considerably more intensive at the single-pulse processing. The vapor is slightly ionized and absorbs the infrared laser radiation by inverse bremsstrahlung. The estimated absorption coefficient and the optical thickness of the vapor domain are considerably greater for the single-pulse regime. The absorption initiates optical breakdown and the ignition of plasma shielding the target from laser radiation. The multipulse laser processing can be applied to avoid plasma ignition.
Keywords: multipulse laser processing; heat transfer; gas dynamics; laser evaporation; laser plasma multipulse laser processing; heat transfer; gas dynamics; laser evaporation; laser plasma
MDPI and ACS Style

Gusarov, A.V.; Kovalev, O.B. Sequences of Sub-Microsecond Laser Pulses for Material Processing: Modeling of Coupled Gas Dynamics and Heat Transfer. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 4785.

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