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Open AccessArticle

Test-Retest Reliability of Kinematic Parameters of Timed Up and Go in People with Type 2 Diabetes

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Physical Activity and Quality of Life Research Group (AFYCAV), Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
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School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
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Centre for Sport Studies, Rey Juan Carlos University, 28943 Fuenlabrada, Spain
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Health Economy Motricity and Education (HEME), Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
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CIBER de Fragilidad y Envejecimiento Saludable, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(21), 4709; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9214709
Received: 13 September 2019 / Revised: 29 October 2019 / Accepted: 1 November 2019 / Published: 5 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomechanical Spectrum of Human Sport Performance)
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease defined as a state of hyperglycaemia in fasting or postprandial states. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) often show reduced physical function, including low levels of strength, balance or mobility. In this regard, the timed up and go (TUG) is a widely used physical fitness test in people with T2DM. However, there is a lack of studies evaluating the properties TUG in this population. The present study aimed to evaluate the test-retest reliability of kinetic and kinematic parameters obtained from TUG in the diabetic population with different levels of diabetic neuropathy. A total of 56 patients with T2DM participated in the study. They were divided into three groups according to the vibration threshold: (a) severe neuropathy, (b) moderate neuropathy and (c) normal perception. The TUG was performed using two force platforms to assess kinematic measurements. The results show that both kinetic and kinematic variables had good to excellent reliability. The reliability of TUG was excellent for the whole sample and the groups with non-severe neuropathy. However, it was just good for the group with severe neuropathy. View Full-Text
Keywords: forefoot; Gait; Heel; TUG; Type 2 diabetes mellitus forefoot; Gait; Heel; TUG; Type 2 diabetes mellitus
MDPI and ACS Style

Dominguez-Muñoz, F.J.; Hernández-Mocholi, M.A.; Manso, L.J.; Collado-Mateo, D.; Villafaina, S.; Adsuar, J.C.; Gusi, N. Test-Retest Reliability of Kinematic Parameters of Timed Up and Go in People with Type 2 Diabetes. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 4709.

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