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Open AccessArticle

A Novel Ranging Technique Based on Optical Camera Communications and Time Difference of Arrival

Institute for Technological Development and Innovation in Communications (IDeTIC), Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Edificio Polivalente II, Campus de Tafira, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas, Spain.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(11), 2382; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9112382
Received: 3 May 2019 / Revised: 3 June 2019 / Accepted: 5 June 2019 / Published: 11 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering)
In this work, a new Time Difference of Arrival (TDoA) scheme for distance measurement based on Optical Camera Communication (OCC) systems is proposed. It relies on the use of optical pulses instead of radio-frequency signals as the time reference triggers, and the introduction of a rolling shutter camera, whose characteristics allows substituting the timer modules used in conventional TDoA techniques by image processing of the illuminated area in the picture. This processing on the camera’s images provides time measurements and implies and specific analysis, which is presented in this work. The system performance and properties, such as resolution and range, mainly depends on the camera characteristics, such as the frames capture rate and the image quality. This new technique is suitable to be implemented in smartphones or other Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) devices equipped with a camera and speakers. View Full-Text
Keywords: Optical Camera Communications; ranging technique; statistical pulse detection Optical Camera Communications; ranging technique; statistical pulse detection
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rabadan, J.; Guerra, V.; Guerra, C.; Rufo, J.; Perez-Jimenez, R. A Novel Ranging Technique Based on Optical Camera Communications and Time Difference of Arrival. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2382.

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