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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(4), 373;

Influence of Welding Parameters on the Weld Pool Dimensions and Shape in a TIG Configuration

LAPLACE, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, INPT, UPS 118 rte de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse CEDEX, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Junling Hu and Hai-Lung Tsa
Received: 24 February 2017 / Revised: 31 March 2017 / Accepted: 5 April 2017 / Published: 8 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gas Tungsten Arc Welding)
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The weld pool shape created by the plasma arc interaction on a workpiece depends on many geometrical and physical parameters and on the operating conditions. Theoretical models are developed in such a way as to predict and to characterize the material. However, these models first need to be validated. Experimental results are hence proposed with parametric studies. Nevertheless, the interaction time is often short and the weld pool shape evolution not presented. In this work, the experimental setup and the diagnostic methods characterizing the workpiece are presented. The weld pool shape was evaluated versus time according to several parameters such as the current intensity value, the distance between the two electrodes, the cathode tip angle or the plasma gas nature. The results show that the depth-to-width ratio alone is not enough to compare the impact of the parameters. The analysis points out the great influence of the current intensity on the increase of the width and depth compared to the influence of the value of the cathode tip angle. The rise of the arc length leads to an increase of the power through a higher arc voltage; nevertheless, for distances of three and five millimeters and a characteristic time of the welding process of one second, this parameter has a weak influence on the energy transferred. The use of helium leads to a bigger volume of the weld pool due to an increase of width and depth. View Full-Text
Keywords: welding; weld pool; transient state; shape; metallography welding; weld pool; transient state; shape; metallography

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Stadler, M.; Freton, P.; Gonzalez, J.-J. Influence of Welding Parameters on the Weld Pool Dimensions and Shape in a TIG Configuration. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 373.

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