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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(12), 1276; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7121276

High Power Fiber Laser Welding of Single Sided T-Joint on Shipbuilding Steel with Different Processing Setups

Laboratory of Laser Materials Processing, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Skinnarilankatu 34, Lappeenranta 53850, Finland
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Received: 2 November 2017 / Revised: 29 November 2017 / Accepted: 4 December 2017 / Published: 8 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solid State Lasers Materials, Technologies and Applications)
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Abstract

Laser welding of thick plates in production environments is one of the main applications of high power lasers; however, the process has certain limitations. The small spot size of the focused beam produces welds with high depth-to-width aspect ratio but at times fails to provide sufficient reinforcement in certain applications because of poor gap bridging ability. The results of welding shipbuilding steel AH36 with thickness of 8 mm as a single-sided T-joint using a 10 kW fiber laser are presented and discussed in this research paper. Three optical setups with process fibers of 200 µm, 300 µm and 600 µm core diameters were used to study the possibilities and limitations set by the beam delivery system. The main parameters studied were beam inclination angle, beam offset from the joint plane and focal point position. Full penetration joints were produced and the geometry of the welds was examined. It was found that process fibers with smaller core diameter produce deeper penetration but suffer from sensitivity to beam positioning deviation. Larger fibers are less sensitive and produce wider welds but have, in turn, lower penetration at equivalent power levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: shipbuilding steel; fiber laser; laser keyhole welding; T-joint; fillet joint shipbuilding steel; fiber laser; laser keyhole welding; T-joint; fillet joint
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Unt, A.; Poutiainen, I.; Grünenwald, S.; Sokolov, M.; Salminen, A. High Power Fiber Laser Welding of Single Sided T-Joint on Shipbuilding Steel with Different Processing Setups. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1276.

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