Next Article in Journal
NIRExpNet: Three-Stream 3D Convolutional Neural Network for Near Infrared Facial Expression Recognition
Next Article in Special Issue
Performance Evaluation of a Novel Propulsion System for the Spherical Underwater Robot (SURIII)
Previous Article in Journal
Viscoelastic Dampers for Rotors: Modeling and Validation at Component and System Level
Previous Article in Special Issue
Snake-Like Robot with Fusion Gait for High Environmental Adaptability: Design, Modeling, and Experiment
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(11), 1182;

State of the Art: Bipedal Robots for Lower Limb Rehabilitation

Department of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong 999077, China
Beijing Institute of Technology, No.5 Yard, Zhong Guan Cun South Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100000, China
Centre for Robotics and Automation, CityU Shen Zhen Research Institute, Shen Zhen 518000, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 October 2017 / Revised: 3 November 2017 / Accepted: 3 November 2017 / Published: 16 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bio-Inspired Robotics)
Full-Text   |   PDF [4186 KB, uploaded 17 November 2017]   |  


The bipedal robot is one of the most attractive robots types given its similarity to the locomotion of human beings and its ability to assist people to walk during rehabilitation. This review summarizes the chronological historical development of bipedal robots and introduces some current popular bipedal robots age. Then, the basic theory-stability control and key technology-motion planning of bipedal robots are introduced and analyzed. Bipedal robots have a wide range of applications in the service, education, entertainment, and other industries. After that, we specifically discuss the applications of bipedal robots in lower limb rehabilitation, including wearable exoskeleton robots, rehabilitation equipment, soft exoskeleton robots, and unpowered exoskeleton robots, and their control methods. Lastly, the future development and the challenges in this field are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: bipedal robot; bipedal locomotion; rehabilitation; robot review bipedal robot; bipedal locomotion; rehabilitation; robot review

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, X.; She, H.; Lu, H.; Fukuda, T.; Shen, Y. State of the Art: Bipedal Robots for Lower Limb Rehabilitation. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1182.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Appl. Sci. EISSN 2076-3417 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top