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Open AccessArticle

2D Spin-Dependent Diffraction of Electrons From Periodical Chains of Nanomagnets

Department of Physics, Addis Ababa University, P. O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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Appl. Sci. 2012, 2(1), 220-232; https://doi.org/10.3390/app2010220
Received: 15 January 2012 / Revised: 27 February 2012 / Accepted: 27 February 2012 / Published: 6 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Properties and Applications)
The scattering of the unpolarized beams of electrons by nanomagnets in the vicinity of some scattering angles leads to complete spin polarized electrons. This result is obtained with the help of the perturbation theory. The dipole-dipole interaction between the magnetic moment of the nanomagnet and the magnetic moment of electron is treated as perturbation. This interaction is not spherically symmetric. Rather it depends on the electron spin variables. It in turn results in spinor character of the scattering amplitudes. Due to the smallness of the magnetic interactions, the scattering length of this process is very small to be proved experimentally. To enhance the relevant scattering lengths, we considered the diffraction of unpolarized beams of electrons by linear chains of nanomagnets. By tuning the distance between the scatterers it is possible to obtain the diffraction maximum of the scattered electrons at scattering angles which corresponds to complete spin polarization of electrons. It is shown that the total differential scattering length is proportional to N2 (N is a number of scatterers). Even small number of nanomagnets in the chain helps to obtain experimentally visible enhancement of spin polarization of the scattered electrons. View Full-Text
Keywords: scattering length; un-polarized beams; probability; nanomagnets; scattering amplitude scattering length; un-polarized beams; probability; nanomagnets; scattering amplitude
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Senbeta, T.; Mal’nev, V.N. 2D Spin-Dependent Diffraction of Electrons From Periodical Chains of Nanomagnets. Appl. Sci. 2012, 2, 220-232.

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