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Article

Life Cycle Assessment of an Innovative Hybrid Energy Storage System for Residential Buildings in Continental Climates

1
GREiA Research Group, Universitat de Lleida, Pere de Cabrera s/n, 25001 Lleida, Spain
2
National Council or Research Italy, Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies (CNR ITAE), Salita S. Lucia Sopra Contesse 5, 98126 Messina, Italy
3
Eurac Research, Institute for Renewable Energy, Viale Druso 1, 39100 Bolzano, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francisco José Sanchez de la Flor
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(9), 3820; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11093820
Received: 26 March 2021 / Revised: 13 April 2021 / Accepted: 22 April 2021 / Published: 23 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Retrofitting Buildings and Energy Efficiency)
With the aim of contributing to achieving the decarbonization of the energy sector, the environmental impact of an innovative system to produce heating and domestic hot water for heating demand-dominated climates is assessed is evaluated. The evaluation is conducted using the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology and the ReCiPe and IPCC GWP indicators for the manufacturing and operation stages, and comparing the system to a reference one. Results show that the innovative system has a lower overall impact than the reference one. Moreover, a parametric study to evaluate the impact of the refrigerant is carried out, showing that the impact of the overall systems is not affected if the amount of refrigerant or the impact of refrigerant is increased. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy system; energy storage; life cycle assessment (LCA); ReCiPe indicator; global warming potential (GWP) indicator; environmental impact energy system; energy storage; life cycle assessment (LCA); ReCiPe indicator; global warming potential (GWP) indicator; environmental impact
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MDPI and ACS Style

Llantoy, N.; Zsembinszki, G.; Palomba, V.; Frazzica, A.; Dallapiccola, M.; Trentin, F.; Cabeza, L.F. Life Cycle Assessment of an Innovative Hybrid Energy Storage System for Residential Buildings in Continental Climates. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3820. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11093820

AMA Style

Llantoy N, Zsembinszki G, Palomba V, Frazzica A, Dallapiccola M, Trentin F, Cabeza LF. Life Cycle Assessment of an Innovative Hybrid Energy Storage System for Residential Buildings in Continental Climates. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(9):3820. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11093820

Chicago/Turabian Style

Llantoy, Noelia, Gabriel Zsembinszki, Valeria Palomba, Andrea Frazzica, Mattia Dallapiccola, Federico Trentin, and Luisa F. Cabeza. 2021. "Life Cycle Assessment of an Innovative Hybrid Energy Storage System for Residential Buildings in Continental Climates" Applied Sciences 11, no. 9: 3820. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11093820

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