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Article

Rootstock Effect on Volatile Composition of Albariño Wines

1
Misión Biológica de Galicia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (MBG-CSIC), El Palacio, 36143 Salcedo, Pontevedra, Spain
2
CEB—Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
3
Martin Codax Winery, Vilariño, 36633 Cambados, Pontevedra, Spain
4
Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Agrónomos, Department of Agricultural Production, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Nuno Rodrigues and Alessandro Genovese
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(5), 2135; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11052135
Received: 23 January 2021 / Revised: 23 February 2021 / Accepted: 24 February 2021 / Published: 28 February 2021
Background: Rootstock is a viticultural practice used to combat the devastating Phylloxera vitifoliae (Fitch). Additionally, it is well-known that wine aroma composition depends mainly on variety, viticulture management and winemaking; therefore, rootstocks can affect to berry quality. This study evaluated the influence of nine rootstocks (110R, SO4, 196-17C, Riparia G, 161-49C, 420A, Gravesac, 3309C and 41B) on volatile composition of Albariño wine in two consecutive vintages. Material and Methods: Volatile compounds belonging to eight groups (alcohols, C6-compounds, ethyl esters+acetates, terpenes + C13-norisoprenoids, volatile phenols, volatile acids, lactones and carbonyl compounds) were determined in Albariño wines by GC–MS, during 2009 and 2010 vintages. Results: Rootstock 110R had a positive influence on Albariño wines, increasing total volatile concentration, due mainly to 2-phenylethanol, decanoic and hexanoic acids, ethyl esters and acetates, and C13-norisoprenoids. However, the higher contribution of volatile fatty acids to Albariño wine was shown when grapevines were grafted onto SO4. Conclusions: This work provides new information about the impact of rootstocks on Albariño wine volatile composition, where 110R had a positive influence on Albariño wines under the edaphoclimatic conditions of Salnés Valley (Galicia, Spain). View Full-Text
Keywords: Vitis vinifera; viticultural practices; wine quality; aroma volatile compounds Vitis vinifera; viticultural practices; wine quality; aroma volatile compounds
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vilanova, M.; Genisheva, Z.; Tubío, M.; Alvarez, K.; Lissarrague, J.R.; Oliveira, J.M. Rootstock Effect on Volatile Composition of Albariño Wines. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 2135. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11052135

AMA Style

Vilanova M, Genisheva Z, Tubío M, Alvarez K, Lissarrague JR, Oliveira JM. Rootstock Effect on Volatile Composition of Albariño Wines. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(5):2135. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11052135

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vilanova, Mar, Zlatina Genisheva, Miguel Tubío, Katia Alvarez, José Ramón Lissarrague, and José Maria Oliveira. 2021. "Rootstock Effect on Volatile Composition of Albariño Wines" Applied Sciences 11, no. 5: 2135. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11052135

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