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Rootstock Effect on Volatile Composition of Albariño Wines

Misión Biológica de Galicia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (MBG-CSIC), El Palacio, 36143 Salcedo, Pontevedra, Spain
CEB—Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
Martin Codax Winery, Vilariño, 36633 Cambados, Pontevedra, Spain
Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Agrónomos, Department of Agricultural Production, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Nuno Rodrigues and Alessandro Genovese
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(5), 2135;
Received: 23 January 2021 / Revised: 23 February 2021 / Accepted: 24 February 2021 / Published: 28 February 2021
Background: Rootstock is a viticultural practice used to combat the devastating Phylloxera vitifoliae (Fitch). Additionally, it is well-known that wine aroma composition depends mainly on variety, viticulture management and winemaking; therefore, rootstocks can affect to berry quality. This study evaluated the influence of nine rootstocks (110R, SO4, 196-17C, Riparia G, 161-49C, 420A, Gravesac, 3309C and 41B) on volatile composition of Albariño wine in two consecutive vintages. Material and Methods: Volatile compounds belonging to eight groups (alcohols, C6-compounds, ethyl esters+acetates, terpenes + C13-norisoprenoids, volatile phenols, volatile acids, lactones and carbonyl compounds) were determined in Albariño wines by GC–MS, during 2009 and 2010 vintages. Results: Rootstock 110R had a positive influence on Albariño wines, increasing total volatile concentration, due mainly to 2-phenylethanol, decanoic and hexanoic acids, ethyl esters and acetates, and C13-norisoprenoids. However, the higher contribution of volatile fatty acids to Albariño wine was shown when grapevines were grafted onto SO4. Conclusions: This work provides new information about the impact of rootstocks on Albariño wine volatile composition, where 110R had a positive influence on Albariño wines under the edaphoclimatic conditions of Salnés Valley (Galicia, Spain). View Full-Text
Keywords: Vitis vinifera; viticultural practices; wine quality; aroma volatile compounds Vitis vinifera; viticultural practices; wine quality; aroma volatile compounds
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vilanova, M.; Genisheva, Z.; Tubío, M.; Alvarez, K.; Lissarrague, J.R.; Oliveira, J.M. Rootstock Effect on Volatile Composition of Albariño Wines. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 2135.

AMA Style

Vilanova M, Genisheva Z, Tubío M, Alvarez K, Lissarrague JR, Oliveira JM. Rootstock Effect on Volatile Composition of Albariño Wines. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(5):2135.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vilanova, Mar, Zlatina Genisheva, Miguel Tubío, Katia Alvarez, José Ramón Lissarrague, and José Maria Oliveira. 2021. "Rootstock Effect on Volatile Composition of Albariño Wines" Applied Sciences 11, no. 5: 2135.

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