High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV), which uses a small tidal volume and a high respiratory rate, is considered a type of protective lung ventilation that can be beneficial for certain patients. A disadvantage of HFOV is its limited monitoring of lung mechanics, which complicates its settings and optimal adjustment. Recent studies have shown that respiratory system reactance (Xrs
) could be a promising parameter in the evaluation of respiratory system mechanics in HFOV. The aim of this study was to verify in vitro that a change in respiratory system mechanics during HFOV can be monitored by evaluating Xrs
. We built an experimental system consisting of a 3100B high-frequency oscillatory ventilator, a physical model of the respiratory system with constant compliance, and a system for pressure and flow measurements. During the experiment, models of different constant compliance were connected to HFOV, and Xrs
was derived from the impedance of the physical model that was calculated from the spectral density of airway opening pressure and spectral cross-power density of gas flow and airway opening pressure. The calculated Xrs
changed with the change of compliance of the physical model of the respiratory system. This method enabled monitoring of the trend in the respiratory system compliance during HFOV, and has the potential to optimize the mean pressure setting in HFOV in clinical practice.
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