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Article

Is Any Feature of the Stabilometric Evaluation Clinically Relevant in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders? A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health, Universidad Camilo José Cela, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain
2
Private Professional Practice, 28220 Madrid, Spain
3
Clinic of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad Alfonso X el Sabio, 28691 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuliana Muzio
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(10), 4473; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11104473
Received: 17 March 2021 / Revised: 6 May 2021 / Accepted: 12 May 2021 / Published: 14 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Frontiers in Orofacial Diagnosis and Clinical Approach)
Current neuroanatomical evidence showed the anatomical relationship between the temporomandibular joint innervation with the vestibular system. However, there is no clear evidence regarding if temporomandibular disorders are associated with balance impairments. Therefore, the aims of this study were to assess the clinical relevance of stabilometric features in populations with temporomandibular disorders and to analyze the influence of the mandibular position and visual afference in the balance scores in both healthy and clinical populations. This observational study was conducted in one sample of healthy controls and one sample with temporomandibular disorders. Sociodemographic data (age, gender, height, weight, body mass index, and foot size), clinical data (presence or absence of temporomandibular disorders) and stabilometric data under six different conditions were collected. Sixty-nine subjects (43.5% male; 36.2% patients) were assessed. No differences between Temporomandibular disorders and healthy groups were found in any stabilometric outcomes, unlike oscillation area with closed eyes and medium interscuspidal position (p < 0.01). Although visual feedback showed to be relevant (p < 0.0001), mandibular position produced no differences in any stabilometric measurement (p > 0.05). This study found that healthy subjects and patients with temporomandibular disorders showed no balance differences in the stabilometric outcomes assessed. Although visual input played an important role in the balance, mandibular position seems to be irrelevant. View Full-Text
Keywords: temporomandibular disorders; postural balance; stabilometry; clinical practice; temporomandibular joint temporomandibular disorders; postural balance; stabilometry; clinical practice; temporomandibular joint
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MDPI and ACS Style

Delgado-Delgado, R.; Valera-Calero, J.A.; Gowie, A.E.; Calvo-Moreno, S.O.; Centenera-Centenera, M.B.; Gallego-Sendarrubias, G.M. Is Any Feature of the Stabilometric Evaluation Clinically Relevant in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders? A Cross-Sectional Study. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 4473. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11104473

AMA Style

Delgado-Delgado R, Valera-Calero JA, Gowie AE, Calvo-Moreno SO, Centenera-Centenera MB, Gallego-Sendarrubias GM. Is Any Feature of the Stabilometric Evaluation Clinically Relevant in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders? A Cross-Sectional Study. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(10):4473. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11104473

Chicago/Turabian Style

Delgado-Delgado, Raquel, Juan A. Valera-Calero, Antonia E. Gowie, Sofia O. Calvo-Moreno, María B. Centenera-Centenera, and Gracia M. Gallego-Sendarrubias. 2021. "Is Any Feature of the Stabilometric Evaluation Clinically Relevant in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders? A Cross-Sectional Study" Applied Sciences 11, no. 10: 4473. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11104473

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