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Open AccessArticle

A Model of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Degradation on a Microstructural Level

Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(6), 1906; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10061906
Received: 19 February 2020 / Revised: 5 March 2020 / Accepted: 8 March 2020 / Published: 11 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Energy)
The growth of nickel (Ni) particles in the porous anode is one of the most critical issues in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). It reduces the density of triple-phase boundaries (TPBs) over time and increases the polarization resistance of SOFC. Most of the three-dimensional models that are used to simulate this phenomenon in detail are numerically exhausting and as such intractable for on-line applications. This work presents a two-dimensional, microstructural model of reduced complexity as a trade-off between the numerical load and the level of detail. The model of Ni agglomeration is based on the power-law coarsening theory. The resulting model was validated by comparing the relative density of TPBs and the cell voltage to the experimentally measured values. It was shown that the calculated values closely fit the measured data. The advantage of the proposed model is that it takes lower computational load during the simulation compared to the complex phase field models and is suitable for estimation of SOFC electric performance over time. View Full-Text
Keywords: SOFC modeling; anode degradation; Ni agglomeration; TPB density reduction; conversion efficiency; electric energy yield estimation SOFC modeling; anode degradation; Ni agglomeration; TPB density reduction; conversion efficiency; electric energy yield estimation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nerat, M. A Model of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Degradation on a Microstructural Level. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 1906. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10061906

AMA Style

Nerat M. A Model of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Degradation on a Microstructural Level. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(6):1906. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10061906

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nerat, Marko. 2020. "A Model of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Degradation on a Microstructural Level" Appl. Sci. 10, no. 6: 1906. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10061906

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