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Open AccessArticle

Discrete Fourier Transform-Based Block Faster-Than- Nyquist Transmission for 5G Wireless Communications

by Yaqiu Peng 1,2,* and Mingqi Li 1
1
Shanghai Advanced Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(4), 1313; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10041313
Received: 16 January 2020 / Revised: 10 February 2020 / Accepted: 11 February 2020 / Published: 14 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering)
Faster-than-Nyquist (FTN) signaling is regarded as a potential candidate for improving data rate and spectral efficiency of 5G new radio (NR). However, complex detectors have to be utilized to eliminate the inter symbol interference (ISI) introduced by time-domain packing and the inter carrier interference (ICI) introduced by frequency-domain packing. Thus, the exploration of low complexity transceiver schemes and detectors is of great importance. In this paper, we consider a discrete Fourier transform (DFT) block transmission for multi-carrier FTN signaling, i.e., DBT-MC-FTN. With the aid of DFTs/IDFTs and frequency domain windowing, time- and frequency domain packing can be implemented flexibly and efficiently. At the receiver, the inherent ISI and ICI can be canceled via a soft successive interference cancellation (SIC) detector. The effectiveness of the detector is verified by the simulation over the additive white Gaussian noise channel and the fading channel. Furthermore, based on the characteristics of the efficient architecture of DFT-MC-FTN, two pilot-aided channel estimation schemes, i.e., time-division-multiplexing DBT-MC-FTN symbol-level pilot, and frequency-division-multiplexing subcarrier-level pilot within the DBT-MC-FTN symbol, respectively, are also derived. Numerical results show that the proposed channel estimation schemes can achieve high channel estimation accuracy. View Full-Text
Keywords: faster-than-Nyquist; multicarrier transmission; non-orthogonal waveform; channel estimation; equalization; pilot-aided; interference cancellation faster-than-Nyquist; multicarrier transmission; non-orthogonal waveform; channel estimation; equalization; pilot-aided; interference cancellation
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Peng, Y.; Li, M. Discrete Fourier Transform-Based Block Faster-Than- Nyquist Transmission for 5G Wireless Communications. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 1313.

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