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Article

The Study of Economic and Environmental Viability of the Treatment of Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste Using Monte Carlo Simulation

1
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
2
PROMA Ingenieros, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
3
Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Bologna, 40136 Bologna, Italy
4
Department of Construction Engineering and Projects of Engineering, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(24), 9028; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10249028
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 7 December 2020 / Accepted: 14 December 2020 / Published: 17 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Techniques for Sustainable Processing of Natural Resources II)
Valorization of municipal solid waste (MSW) plays a crucial role in a sustainable society and provides an opportunity to reduce carbon emissions. The economic and social viability of the treatment of the organic fraction of MSW (OFMSW) with a multi-scenario analysis (composting and anaerobic digestion for renewable electricity or for biomethane injection into natural gas networks) was studied using a Monte Carlo simulation. The cost of treating organic fraction of MSW to neutralize financial net present value (NPV) and social NPV through greenhouse gas emissions avoided was determined for each scenario. The costs considered were the investment and the operating and maintenance costs. The financial benefits from the revenue of subproducts depended on the scenario. The lowest average fee to neutralize the financial NPV was 6.38 €/tonne treated in anaerobic digestion for biomethane injection into natural gas networks, therefore, it was the most financially viable. The average social NPV calculated for biomethane injection into natural gas networks (16.60 €/tonne) was higher than that obtained for renewable electricity (13.59 €/tonne). According to the results, anaerobic digestion for biomethane injection into natural gas networks is the most socially and economically viable alternative for the treatment of OFMSW. View Full-Text
Keywords: composting; anaerobic digestion; biomethane; Monte Carlo simulation; municipal waste; NPV composting; anaerobic digestion; biomethane; Monte Carlo simulation; municipal waste; NPV
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martín-Pascual, J.; Fernández-González, J.M.; Ceccomarini, N.; Ordoñez, J.; Zamorano, M. The Study of Economic and Environmental Viability of the Treatment of Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste Using Monte Carlo Simulation. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 9028. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10249028

AMA Style

Martín-Pascual J, Fernández-González JM, Ceccomarini N, Ordoñez J, Zamorano M. The Study of Economic and Environmental Viability of the Treatment of Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste Using Monte Carlo Simulation. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(24):9028. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10249028

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martín-Pascual, Jaime, José M. Fernández-González, Nicolò Ceccomarini, Javier Ordoñez, and Montserrat Zamorano. 2020. "The Study of Economic and Environmental Viability of the Treatment of Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste Using Monte Carlo Simulation" Applied Sciences 10, no. 24: 9028. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10249028

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