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Open AccessArticle

The South African Nurse’s Knowledge of Occupational Human Immunodeficiency Virus Postexposure Prophylaxis in the Era of Controlled and Stable HIV Prevalence

Department of Nursing Science, School of Health Care Sciences/Faculty of Health Sciences/Prinshof Campus, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
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Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(21), 7784; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217784
Received: 8 September 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 18 October 2020 / Published: 3 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New and Emerging Risks in Occupational Health)
Knowledge is a crucial aspect of nursing. Nurses, just like any other healthcare workers (HCWs), are empowered with the knowledge of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Postexposure Prophylaxis (PEP) protocol to be followed, including post-exposure to blood and body fluids (BBFs). The utilization of HIV PEP demonstrated its capabilities to prevent HCWs from HIV infections. However, the practice in healthcare settings remains a challenge, as many HCWs do not adhere to the protocol. This study investigated how knowledgeable nurses are about HIV PEP in the era of controlled and stable HIV prevalence. Ninety-four nurses completed a self-administered questionnaire to provide information. A biostatistician assisted with data analysis, using Microsoft Excel converted to the STATA 13 format. Most (77.0%) were female with a mean age of 30 ± 9 years. The degree of knowledge was low, although the results showed that 90.43% of nurses had been informed about HIV PEP. Eighty (84%) did not know where to access HIV PEP, and (55.32%) were unaware of HIV PEP guidelines. A comparison between knowledge and work experience revealed that those with five years and less experience are less knowledgeable. There is a need to improve nurses’ knowledge of HIV PEP to reduce the risk of HIV acquisition from work-related activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: HIV; knowledge; nurses; occupational exposure; postexposure prophylaxis HIV; knowledge; nurses; occupational exposure; postexposure prophylaxis
MDPI and ACS Style

Rasweswe, M.M.; Peu, M.D. The South African Nurse’s Knowledge of Occupational Human Immunodeficiency Virus Postexposure Prophylaxis in the Era of Controlled and Stable HIV Prevalence. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 7784. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217784

AMA Style

Rasweswe MM, Peu MD. The South African Nurse’s Knowledge of Occupational Human Immunodeficiency Virus Postexposure Prophylaxis in the Era of Controlled and Stable HIV Prevalence. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(21):7784. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217784

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rasweswe, Melitah M.; Peu, Mmapheko D. 2020. "The South African Nurse’s Knowledge of Occupational Human Immunodeficiency Virus Postexposure Prophylaxis in the Era of Controlled and Stable HIV Prevalence" Appl. Sci. 10, no. 21: 7784. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217784

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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