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Article

Vibration Analysis and Empirical Law Definition for Different Equipment in a Civil Construction

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Department of Mining Exploitation and Prospecting, School of Mining, Energy and Materials Engineering of Oviedo, University of Oviedo, Independencia 13, 33004 Oviedo, Spain
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Department of Mining, Industrial and ICT Engineering, Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Manresa, Av. Bases de Manresa, 61-73, 08242 Barcelona, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(14), 4689; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10144689
Received: 4 June 2020 / Revised: 25 June 2020 / Accepted: 2 July 2020 / Published: 8 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Civil Engineering)
The potential affection of any construction, and especially historical sites, is of great concern for their long-term maintenance and stability. This study has determined the vibration behavior in poor-quality rock mass conditions generated by some of the most typical equipment used in construction: excavator, ripper, ripper vibrator, hydraulic hammer, bulldozer and vibrating roller. Several empirical expressions are proposed to know the maximum velocity at different distances for each type of equipment, taking into account the intensity of the vibration generated and its pattern. A general equation has also been defined to determine the vibration propagation along the distance at a construction site, based on the impact generated by all the possible vibration elements, exogenous and endogenous, including machinery working individually or in any possible combination and number. On the other hand, the maximum allowable velocity in the case study is also discussed and compared to international standards, stating some recommendations. It would be very important to have a clear legislation in this regard due to the high density of sensitive constructions in Spain and the economic implications of applying too high or too low standard values. View Full-Text
Keywords: empirical analysis; mechanical excavation; ground vibration; historical construction; wave propagation empirical analysis; mechanical excavation; ground vibration; historical construction; wave propagation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rodríguez, R.; Bascompta, M. Vibration Analysis and Empirical Law Definition for Different Equipment in a Civil Construction. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 4689. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10144689

AMA Style

Rodríguez R, Bascompta M. Vibration Analysis and Empirical Law Definition for Different Equipment in a Civil Construction. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(14):4689. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10144689

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rodríguez, Rafael, and Marc Bascompta. 2020. "Vibration Analysis and Empirical Law Definition for Different Equipment in a Civil Construction" Applied Sciences 10, no. 14: 4689. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10144689

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