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Routing Protocols for UAV-Aided Wireless Sensor Networks

Department of Computer Engineering, Chosun University, 309 Pilmun-daero, Dong-gu, Gwangju 61452, Korea
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Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(12), 4077; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10124077
Received: 8 May 2020 / Revised: 10 June 2020 / Accepted: 11 June 2020 / Published: 12 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering)
Recently, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) attracted significant popularity in both military and civilian domains for various applications and services. Moreover, UAV-aided wireless sensor networks (UAWSNs) became one of the interesting hot research topics. This is mainly because UAWSNs can significantly increase the network coverage and energy utilization compared to traditional wireless sensor networks (WSNs). However, the high mobility, dynamic path, and variable altitude of UAVs can cause not only unforeseen changes in the network topology but also connectivity and coverage problems, which can affect the routing performance of the network. Therefore, the design of a routing protocol for UAWSNs is a critical task. In this paper, the routing protocols for UAWSNs are extensively investigated and discussed. Firstly, we classify the existing routing protocols based on different network criteria. They are extensively reviewed and compared with each other in terms of advantages and limitation, routing metrics and policies, characteristics, difference performance factors, and different performance optimization factors. Furthermore, open research issues and challenges are summarized and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless sensor network; unmanned aerial vehicle; UAV-aided wireless sensor network; routing protocol; energy efficiency wireless sensor network; unmanned aerial vehicle; UAV-aided wireless sensor network; routing protocol; energy efficiency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arafat, M.Y.; Habib, M.A.; Moh, S. Routing Protocols for UAV-Aided Wireless Sensor Networks. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 4077. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10124077

AMA Style

Arafat MY, Habib MA, Moh S. Routing Protocols for UAV-Aided Wireless Sensor Networks. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(12):4077. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10124077

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arafat, Muhammad Y., Md A. Habib, and Sangman Moh. 2020. "Routing Protocols for UAV-Aided Wireless Sensor Networks" Applied Sciences 10, no. 12: 4077. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10124077

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