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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Air Pollution on the Healthy Growth of Cities: An Empirical Study of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region

by 1,2,*, 3, 1,2,4 and 1,2,4
1
Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
College of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250358, China
4
School of economics and management, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(11), 3699; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10113699
Received: 5 May 2020 / Revised: 19 May 2020 / Accepted: 25 May 2020 / Published: 27 May 2020
In the context of sustainable development, air pollution poses challenges to the adjustment of the industrial structure in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. In order to explore the relationship between air pollution and urban industrial development, this paper uses a simultaneous equation model to empirically analyze the relationship between PM2.5 concentration and industrial development based on panel data from 2000 to 2017 on the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. The empirical results show that there is a two-way causal relationship between industrial development and air pollution. Secondary industry upgrades to tertiary industry, which will help improve the air quality in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. At the same time, air pollution has a significant adverse effect on the development of secondary industry and tertiary industry. An average increase of 1% in PM2.5 concentration will cause the proportion of secondary industry to increase by about 0.08% to 0.28%, and the proportion of tertiary industry to decrease by about 0.13% to 0.31%. Based on the results of the empirical model, this paper puts forward policy recommendations for environmental governance in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, aiming to achieving healthy development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; industrial development; simultaneous equation model; Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region air pollution; industrial development; simultaneous equation model; Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, F.; Xu, N.; Wang, L.; Tan, Q. The Effect of Air Pollution on the Healthy Growth of Cities: An Empirical Study of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 3699. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10113699

AMA Style

Zhang F, Xu N, Wang L, Tan Q. The Effect of Air Pollution on the Healthy Growth of Cities: An Empirical Study of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(11):3699. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10113699

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Fan; Xu, Ning; Wang, Lishuang; Tan, Qiu. 2020. "The Effect of Air Pollution on the Healthy Growth of Cities: An Empirical Study of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region" Appl. Sci. 10, no. 11: 3699. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10113699

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