This paper proposes a novel stress measurement method using the acoustoelastic effect of surface wave to estimate the stress of a homogeneous material plate with orthogonal anisotropy, in which the surface wave velocities are measured in three different directions before and after loading stress. The effectiveness of the proposed method was verified by numerical simulations and experiments. For the simulations, the surface wave velocities in three directions were obtained from a conventional perturbation model for weak anisotropic materials. The simulation results showed that the stress estimation error was less than 3% for an anisotropic rate up to 2% under stress conditions up to 90 MPa. Two specimens were prepared for the experiments, one was almost isotropic and another that had a relatively larger anisotropy rate of 2.6%. Then, the stresses loaded by a tensile test machine were estimated. The results showed good agreement with the given stresses for both specimens. These results confirm that the proposed method can be applied to estimate the surface stress state in anisotropic material plates. The proposed method is simple, practical, and is expected to be useful for monitoring changes of surface stress before and after machining such as the punching or bending of plate.
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