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Open AccessArticle

Small Environmental Actions Need of Problem-Solving Approach: Applying Project Management Tools to Beach Litter Clean-Ups

1
Torre Flavia LTER (Long Term Ecological Research) Station, Protected Areas—Regional Park Service, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, viale G. Ribotta, 41, 00144 Rome, Italy
2
Independent Researcher, Rome, Italy
3
Department of Parasitology and Entomology, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Lazio e della Toscana “M. Aleandri”, via Appia Nuova 1411, 00178 Rome, Italy
4
Independent Researcher, via dei Savorelli, 120, 00165 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Environments 2020, 7(10), 87; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments7100087
Received: 7 August 2020 / Revised: 23 September 2020 / Accepted: 9 October 2020 / Published: 11 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Anthropogenic Beach Litter and Impact on Habitats)
Clean-ups can be considered real conservation actions since beach litter may impact many ecosystem components. However, although these actions are quite easy to carry out, we think that they need to follow specific criteria and clear planning. Contrariwise, an unplanned clean-up could lead to counter-productive—or even harmful—consequences to the fragile dune ecosystem; e.g., excessive trampling and/or extreme sand removal. Here, we defined a road map for implementing beach clean-ups according to the logic of problem solving and project management, also adding a flow chart. More particularly, we subdivided the clean-up project into different steps as follows: context analysis, input and planning, process, monitoring (outputs and outcomes) and adaptation. View Full-Text
Keywords: beach litter; project management; project cycle; monitoring; adaptation beach litter; project management; project cycle; monitoring; adaptation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Battisti, C.; Poeta, G.; Romiti, F.; Picciolo, L. Small Environmental Actions Need of Problem-Solving Approach: Applying Project Management Tools to Beach Litter Clean-Ups. Environments 2020, 7, 87. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments7100087

AMA Style

Battisti C, Poeta G, Romiti F, Picciolo L. Small Environmental Actions Need of Problem-Solving Approach: Applying Project Management Tools to Beach Litter Clean-Ups. Environments. 2020; 7(10):87. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments7100087

Chicago/Turabian Style

Battisti, Corrado; Poeta, Gianluca; Romiti, Federico; Picciolo, Lorenzo. 2020. "Small Environmental Actions Need of Problem-Solving Approach: Applying Project Management Tools to Beach Litter Clean-Ups" Environments 7, no. 10: 87. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments7100087

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