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Anisotropy of Magnetic Susceptibility and Preferred Pore Orientation in Lava Flow from the Ijen Volcanic Complex, East Java, Indonesia

1
Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
2
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2019, 9(7), 304; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9070304
Received: 30 March 2019 / Revised: 2 July 2019 / Accepted: 10 July 2019 / Published: 11 July 2019
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Abstract

Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) has been used in various studies related to interpreting the direction of lava flow, some of which have shown ambiguity with regard to the data generated. In this study, we explored an alternative option to support the aforementioned application, using lava flow type igneous rock samples from the Ijen Volcanic Complex, East Java, Indonesia. We have investigated the preferred rock pore orientations from micro-computed tomography (μCT) images and quantified their directions. We then calculated their correlation with AMS data by calculating the angle between preferred pore orientation. The axis with the smallest gap to the preferred pore orientation of each sample was assumed to imply lava flow direction. Different lava flow direction preferences were obtained from different magnetic ellipsoids. Another important factor for consideration is the relative vertical position of the sampling site within a single lava flow unit. Only one out of five samples (ANY2) show good quantitative conformity between AMS data, preferred pore orientation, and topographical slope, despite these limitations. Our results point to a direction that seems to be correct and coherent on a physical basis. Additional research would likely clarify the issues involved. This encourages us to explore and work further in this field of research. View Full-Text
Keywords: anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS); preferred pore orientation; igneous rock; lava flow direction anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS); preferred pore orientation; igneous rock; lava flow direction
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Atarita, F.R.; Bijaksana, S.; Ndari, N.R.D.W.; Pratama, A.; Taqwantara, R.F.; Fajar, S.J.; Latief, F.D.E. Anisotropy of Magnetic Susceptibility and Preferred Pore Orientation in Lava Flow from the Ijen Volcanic Complex, East Java, Indonesia. Geosciences 2019, 9, 304.

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