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Transient Thermal Effects in Sedimentary Basins with Normal Faults and Magmatic Sill Intrusions—A Sensitivity Study

1
Tectonor AS, P.O. Box 8034, NO-4068 Stavanger, Norway
2
Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen, Box 7803, 5020 Bergen, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2019, 9(4), 160; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9040160
Received: 13 March 2019 / Revised: 29 March 2019 / Accepted: 2 April 2019 / Published: 5 April 2019
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Abstract

Magmatic intrusions affect the basin temperature in their vicinity. Faulting and physical properties of the basin may influence the magnitudes of their thermal effects and the potential source rock maturation. We present results from a sensitivity study of the most important factors affecting the thermal history in structurally complex sedimentary basins with magmatic sill intrusions. These factors are related to faulting, physical properties, and restoration methods: (1) fault displacement, (2) time span of faulting and deposition, (3) fault angle, (4) thermal conductivity and specific heat capacity, (5) basal heat flow and (6) restoration method. All modeling is performed on the same constructed clastic sedimentary profile containing one normal listric fault with one faulting event. Sills are modeled to intrude into either side of the fault zone with a temperature of 1000 °C. The results show that transient thermal effects may last up to several million years after fault slip. Thermal differences up to 40 °C could occur for sills intruding at time of fault slip, to sills intruding 10 million years later. We have shown that omitting the transient thermal effects of structural development in basins with magmatic intrusions may lead to over- or underestimation of the thermal effects of magmatic intrusions and ultimately the estimated maturation. View Full-Text
Keywords: normal faulting; sill intrusions; transient thermal effects; steady state; basin modeling; volcanic basins normal faulting; sill intrusions; transient thermal effects; steady state; basin modeling; volcanic basins
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Sydnes, M.; Fjeldskaar, W.; Grunnaleite, I.; Løtveit, I.F.; Mjelde, R. Transient Thermal Effects in Sedimentary Basins with Normal Faults and Magmatic Sill Intrusions—A Sensitivity Study. Geosciences 2019, 9, 160.

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