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Open AccessArticle

Using SPOT and Aerial False-Color Infrared (fCIR) Imagery to Verify Floodplain Model Results in West Central Florida

by *,†, and
Southwest Florida Water Management SWFWMD, 2379 Broad Street, Brooksville, FL 34604, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Ruiliang Pu
Geosciences 2016, 6(2), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences6020024
Received: 28 December 2015 / Revised: 13 April 2016 / Accepted: 19 April 2016 / Published: 27 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mapping and Assessing Natural Disasters Using Geospatial Technologies)
Tropical Storm Debby brought severe flooding to portions of southwestern Florida during the summer of 2012. Remotely-sensed images were collected to document the flooding and test the results of Hydrologic and Hydraulic (H & H) storm water models constructed by the Southwest Florida Water Management District (SWFWMD). One image, a satellite, multi-band SPOT image was provided to the SWFWMD by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). This image was collected within 48 h of the storm event. The SWFWMD also contracted for a very high resolution (60 cm Ground Sample Distance (GSD)) fCIR image to be captured for selected watersheds in Citrus, Hernando and Pasco counties, the areas most impacted by the flooding. Modeled floodplain results were compared to remotely-sensed images that were georeferenced and analyzed using remote sensing techniques. The higher resolution fCIR images more clearly identified flooding for better comparison with modeled results. Although the fCIR images, which were collected three to four days after the storm event, under predicted the overall extent of the modeled floodplain, as the images could not confirm the presence of flooding in areas obscured by dense vegetation, they did consistently confirm both the location and shape of flooding simulated by the model. By using image analysis methods on the Near-Infrared (NIR) band of the fCIR image in conjunction with the Digital Elevation Model (DEM), however, it was possible to identify the extent of flooding in those obscured areas. Field surveys of high water elevations indicated that many locations had receded within hours of the storm event, limiting the ability of the fCIR image from capturing peak flood level in all areas. Overall, these remotely-sensed images provided a good validation of predicted flood levels for a design storm of the magnitude of Tropical Storm Debby. View Full-Text
Keywords: storm water modeling; Tropical Storm Debby; model verification; high water marks; aerial imagery storm water modeling; Tropical Storm Debby; model verification; high water marks; aerial imagery
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Karlin, A.; Fulkerson, M.; Altman, G. Using SPOT and Aerial False-Color Infrared (fCIR) Imagery to Verify Floodplain Model Results in West Central Florida. Geosciences 2016, 6, 24.

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